Varicose veins of the lower limbs: causes and treatment

Video walking, high heel, high loads on legs, extra weight, hard work on production and some other factors that affect the flow of blood and the circulatory system. For the first time, there are small cracks, then visible blue veins, then the pain and burning – and all this leads to the formation of these diseases, varicose veins of the lower extremities.

varicose veins of the extremities

This disease is, unfortunately, pretty common in a lot of people, and you receive it, regardless of age. Already at the first signs of varicose veins, avoiding the need for surgery, you must take care of health and time, to contact the vascular surgeon.


A chronic disease in which is characterized by knotty varicose is varicose veins of the lower extremities. Veins in the legs have in their structure special valves, through which blood is passed in the direction of up so as not to stagnate. For violation of these valves is a violation of the outflow of blood, begins to move in the veins in the opposite direction, causing the formation of a stagnation, accompanied by a number of unpleasant symptoms.

Varicose veins doctors are divided into six classes, each of which is accompanied by certain symptoms of venous diseases. Kindergarten varicose veins – this is the normal state of the feet, without visible irregularities. Diseases of the veins there, but there is weight in the legs. The first class — if the skin has become
the subtle blue veins, the so-called cosmetic defects. The second class (reticular varicose veins) is a disease of the veins with the previous symptoms along with visible varicose veins. The third disease of the arteries, is attributed to the more frequent periodic swelling of the legs. In the fourth stage of the already occurring damage to the skin with visible dermatitis. The fifth class of varicose veins accompanied by ulcers. Sixth – the most advanced form of venous disease, when the skin formed is persistent and non-healing wounds.

The most common reticular varicose veins in the initial stage of the disease, when the legs are subtle veins, radiography of blood vessels. This does not brings discomfort, in addition to the visible cosmetic defect, but requires preventive measures, otherwise the disease may become more late, the symptoms are severe consequences are irreversible.

What causes varicose veins? The main causes for varicose veins are 7 factors.

  1. Heredity. If one of the parents is congenital weakness of the venous walls the risk for the occurrence of varicose veins in children is quite high.
  2. Long wearing high heels, boots.
  3. Hormonal changes (especially in women during pregnancy and menopause).
  4. Age. Varicose veins is more common after age 45, but is 25 and younger.
  5. Unhealthy way of life: perseverance, standing up in the workplace, high loads on legs (athletes, porters, etc.).
  6. Overweight.
  7. The presence of chronic liver disease or arteriovenous fistula, signs

As you can see, the formation of varicose veins is possible to predict, which is an advantage. Have an idea of what causes the vein disease, you can prevent its development and complications, taking appropriate preventive measures (massage, gymnastics, physical therapy).

Symptoms and diagnosis of varicose veins

causes of varicose veins

Recognize varicose veins, we need to be aware of signs that you can see and feel. The veins tend to swell and hurt for a number of reasons, and not all of them talk about the presence of venous disease venous system. Fatigue from a long standing position or lying down, wearing long, high or uncomfortable (unstable) heels and some other factors that can affect the condition of the feet. When the enlargement of the deep veins of the lower extremities the symptoms are visible and permanent. Consider, chief among them.

  1. Cosmetic bug when it is under the skin of the feet x-rayed or bulging tortuous veins dark blue or red. The skin becomes more dense with visible pigmentation, loss of elasticity, and has a distinct sheen on the surface you may be missing hair.
  2. Swelling of the veins in the standing position (horizontal, that will be a natural look).
  3. The symptoms of heavy legs, which is a systematic and is considered to be a symptom of the later stage of varicose veins. This is characteristic for such phenomena, such as:
  • fatigue of the lower limbs, regardless of the level of the load;
  • swelling in legs/ankles, which occur on hot days after a long stay in a standing position or at the end of the workday;
  • cramps in the region of the calf muscles;
  • pain;
  • intense itching, which often occurs at night.

As we have already mentioned, signs of which can be characterized by varicose veins do not always indicate the presence of varicose disease. We should not jump to self conclusions. For an accurate diagnosis, you should seek the professional assistance of a qualified professional. On the basis of the number of studies, which will be confirmed or denied the presence of the disease.

Diagnosis of the legs, varicose veins, vascular surgeon – doctor in dealing with diseases of the cardiovascular system, veins and blood vessels. The doctor will examine your legs by visual and palpation of the studies, and prescribe additional tests for a more detailed review.

The diagnosis of varicose veins can be produced by the method of duplex scanning or contrast procedure.

  • Ultrasound (duplex scanning) is a common and informative way, which examines the status of blood vessels. In this form of examination, the specialist can see the presence of blood clots, find out the direction of the flow and patency of blood, to determine with certainty the degree of dilatation.
  • Contrast venography is based on x-ray. For varicose veins was clearly visible in the picture, they created a special substance that makes blood visible. If stains, which allows you to see all the contours. This method is rarely used, as alternative ultrasound is more informative and is completely painless.

Timely diagnosis of varicose disease– to avoid the possibility of serious complications, so don't wait for severe symptoms (constant pain, weakness, apparent deterioration of the blood and other). Go ahead, pass the necessary examination before without the surgery, it will be impossible not to!

Treatment of varicose veins on the legs

Treatment of varicose veins can be done in several ways (the choice depends on the patient's age, stage of venous disease and presence of complications), which include sclerotherapy, hardware and conservative methods or surgical. For the treatment of varicose veins in the legs include: massages, physical therapy, wearing special stockings and pantyhose, medications (creams, pills) and operation. Look at each of them.

Conservative treatment of varicose veins

treatment of varicose veins
  1. Compression treatment of venous disease, which is made with the use of special stockings or elastic bandages, which should be worn during the day, taking off only at night. The Material from which these products have a particular structure, improving blood circulation and toning the blood vessels themselves. Constant wearing of these compression socks (Golf socks) relieves the symptoms of varicose veins and slowly progressive disease. Elastic bandages should be wound to the leg, a spiral fashion, starting at the base of the toes, so that each successive turn overlaps the first (about half the total width). When choosing compression socks, you should choose the right size.
  2. Pneumatic massage also refers to the easy treatment of varicose veins. Massage is done with the aid of a special device, which is made, which is required for the circulatory movement. Before starting the procedure on the patient on the legs to put on the cuff, inside which the pressure of the injected air.

Drug treatment of varicose veins

Pills, ointments, and gels – these medicines which can be prescribed by a doctor to eliminate the symptoms and treatment of varicose veins without surgery.

Important: do Not self-medicate! Consult a specialist for proper diagnosis and prescribed a really effective way.

The main drugs effective against the diseases of the vein, are divided into groups.

  1. Leading means. Increase the tone of blood vessels, improves blood flow in them, reducing swelling, reducing pain.
  2. Anti-inflammatory drugs have analgesic properties, are used as decongestants funds.
  3. Medicines, medicines for thinning the blood against the formation of clots, is carried out or for the injection means.

Among the many methods of treatment of varicose vein disease, are painless procedures that are an alternative to medical methods or surgical procedure. These include traditional and modern means.

  1. Treatment with leeches used in the practice for a long time. The effect of this technique is that in the process of sucking blood, leeches emit a special substance that helps liquefy blood clots.
  2. Sclerotherapy (bloodless removal of varicose veins). The principle of this method consists in introducing into the advanced mode is the "glue" of the substance. Through this action, the patient extend the Vienna cease to participate in the bloodstream and become invisible — as blood moves through a healthy system, avoiding the problematic vein. In sclerotherapy is provided with the right "diet" healthy veins. This method of treatment is a lot in the early stages of varicose veins (the possibility of its use depends on the width of the vein lumen) and is cheap, it does not require repetition. Injections are entered one-time course, the visible results are achieved after a few tens of days.
  3. Method of treatment of varicose veins with laseris very effective, especially in combination with other methods.

There are also unconventional methods, how to get rid of varicose veins, however, is for the use of the rather dangerous, because it can only hurt. Even the wrong massage can have a negative impact on the condition of the heart and the circulatory system in the legs.

Surgical treatment of varicose veins

In cases where the varicose veins of the lower extremities impossible to eliminate the above-mentioned conservative methods, doctors prescribe surgical treatment. This usually applies to the late stages of varicose veins with the existing complications.

The operation is an effective method of treatment of varicose veins, however, this measure is drastic, it should be used only in exceptional cases, when none of the other methods did not give the desired result.

During surgical procedures the doctor performs small incisions on the skin. Through them he carefully removes the diseased veins. After surgery on the legs to put on the bandage must be tight-fitting. After some time (2-4 hours) the patient will be able to stand and move independently.

Surgical method of varicose veins – procedure, which is (in most cases) is avoided, but do not be afraid, if your doctor prescribed treatment. There are ways, less painful, after which it is practically without inconvenience. For example, the endoscopy is performed in one day in the hospital, and phlebectomy is performed without incisions.

Gymnastics and prevention of venous disease

the prevention of varicose veins

Varicose veins of the lower extremities may manifest itself symptomatically, but does not interfere with the normal way of life, but not neglect the first signs of venous disease in the early stages of varicose veins or prevent varicose veins, it is recommended that you perform some exercises.

They can be done at any time, and, where appropriate, with the advice of the instructor is completely optional. Do everything carefully, following directions, without straining. Do not overdo it, because your legs should be in good shape, and not as a "taut string.t".