How to treat varicose veins

Varicose veins (or varicose veins) on the legs – the disease is common enough. In fact, its victims are women from 30 to 60, especially if they have diabetes or are overweight, and problems with posture. In addition, varicose veins bad those people whose work obliges them to stay long in a standing or seated position. Unfortunately, the number of cases is increasing every year. Therefore, it is important to know not only how to treat varicose veins on the legs, but also how it can be avoided.

Reasons

varicose veins on the legs

Treatment of varicose veins should first of all consist in removing the immediate causes of its formation. Below are those who in everyday life are the most common:

  • That is, in a vertical or sitting position for a long time;
  • Excess weight (obesity);
  • The increase in pressure in the veins of the lower extremities due to high load during constipation, weight lifting, and pregnancy;
  • Post-traumatic or congenital absence of venous valves in the blood vessels of the lower extremities.

For the treatment of varicose veins of the legs only after getting rid of all of these factors. Otherwise, recurrence of the disease cannot be avoided.

Symptoms

One of the most important signs of varicose veins is the formation of protrusions and the knotty swellings along the veins of the lower extremities. It is often accompanied by severe pain and heaviness in the legs, can join the unpleasant burning sensation. Severe, you may experience occasional cramps in the legs and swelling, which usually appear in the late afternoon. Characterized by varicose veins, it is considered that a gradual thickening and darkening of the skin on the lower leg.

In the absence of treatment the walls of the affected blood vessels become inflamed and clogged with more blood clots. Over time, the skin sores may develop. In the vast majority of cases, this development leads to quite a formidable disease, such as thrombophlebitis or thrombosis.

In what situation should consult with your doctor?

Varicose veins develop gradually, but sometimes it progresses more quickly in such cases, delay going to the doctor does. For the acute course of the disease is characterized by the following symptoms:

  • A sharp pain, which reaches such a force that a person can not move independently. This is accompanied by a sensation of heat and thickening of the skin on legs;
  • Shortness of breath, feeling of weakness and short of breath;
  • The bleeding is localized in the vicinity of venous vessels struck either of them.

Diagnosis

When the first signs of varicose veins should seek doctor's help. As a rule, after the standard survey (review, preparation history, the KLA, OAM), he directs these patients to a specialist, dealing with diseases of the blood vessels (phlebologist) or immediately to the vascular surgeon.

treatment of varicose veins on the legs

In addition to the basic diagnostic measures that can be granted:

  • Venous ultrasound (duplex scanning);
  • Contrast venography.

Treatment

Today is not a tool from the varicosity, which would give 100% result. Treatment should be carried out comprehensively with the use of both surgical and therapeutic techniques.

Conservative treatment

Fight varicose veins with the help of conservative methods is possible only in cases, when symptoms only begin to appear about the possible complications to speak is not necessary. The main means of this treatment are:

  • Diet;
  • A series of specific exercises;
  • Compression therapy;
  • Treatment with medications.

Diet

As we have already mentioned, varicose veins are mainly those people who have excess body weight. In this regard, one of the conditions for successful treatment is, undoubtedly, proper diet, whose purpose is the destruction of the extra pounds. There are very many variations of writing of the daily diet, but none of them should adhere to without prior consultation with a nutritionist.

Usually such diets require the abandonment of all the candy, as well as those products that contain large amounts of fiber of vegetable origin.

Physical exercise

Great cure for varicose veins on the legs is therapeutic exercise. There are a number of special exercises, doing that, it can significantly slow down the progression of the disease, and sometimes completely get rid of it. In addition, do not forget the walks in the outdoors (morning and evening) and swimming.

Important! Varicose veins should refrain from visiting the sauna, not too hot baths and soak your feet. This is because in these procedures significantly increase the flow of blood in the extremities, where the veins already noticed, that from stagnating.

Compression treatment

Treatment of varicose veins at home includes the use of special jerseys in Golf, socks and tights, and elastic bandages of different lengths. As a rule, doctors recommend to wear them all day and just before bedtime.

Thus, it is possible to significantly improve the tone of blood vessels and improves blood flow in the legs. And this, in turn, helps in solving the symptoms of the disease. Also a very useful foot massage for varicose veins, which must be carried out by an expert.

Treatment with medications

Today the pharmaceutical market is often represented drugs for the treatment of this disease. And coupled with a tablet form is used and the gel, and ointment and cream for legs from varicose veins. All have helped to significantly reduce the rate of progression of the disease and even prevent the development of certain complications.

However, we must not forget that any medication should be used only on prescription. It is true, almost every one of them has quite a lot of contraindications and misuse, which could lead to unexpected situations.

the prevention of varicose veins

Most often varicose veins of the lower extremities doctors prescribe medicines from the following groups:

  • Anti-inflammatory drugs;
  • Drugs that increase venous tone and improve the outflow of venous;
  • Medications to reduce blood viscosity and prevents the formation of thrombus.

Surgical treatment

Surgery is the most radical method, which is used in those cases where other methods of fighting do not give any positive result.

The most common surgery in which small incisions are made of leather, and through them is the removal of diseased parts of blood vessels. After surgery, the legs are firmly secured. After a few hours patients who are unable to move independently.

Currently a more widely used method, in which the diseased veins are removed with the laser. This operation is less traumatic, but after that, when it is frequently observed relapses of the disease.

Prevention

No doubt, like most modern diseases, varicose veins, are easier to prevent than cure. Therefore, doctors recommend that you start the prevention of this disease from the earliest years. If you want to do this, follow the following:

  • Active sports;
  • During standing work may occasionally need to take breaks (walk on toes, then on your heels);
  • After the exercise you will need to take a cool shower;
  • During pregnancy, especially in the later stages, you should wear special jerseys.