How to treat varicose veins on the legs

Varicose veins — a disease that occurs due to the distention of the peripheral veins beneath the skin. In most cases, the disease shows on the surface of the leg muscles and veins to the blue hue, are winding and hilly.

varicose veins on the legs

Also the creation of nodes and destruction of the valvular apparatus, causing the flow of blood in the veins broken. When you close the flaps on the valves when the trouble begins. The blood can not raise, as it usually happens, and veins, because of its stagnation under the pressure.

At high pressure of the blood stretches the walls of the arteries, which are of different thickness. Vessels, which are stretched and their edges pressed against the dermis and becomes visible. Because of this, the typical spider veins. If the vessel is visible through the layer of the dermis, it speaks of his weakness. The thicker veins, the more visible their blue color. Shaped tubers, which are visible on the legs.

Varicose veins affect one out of 4 people on the planet. An important factor in the development of the pathology is the lack of development of connective tissue. For the formation of the development of varicose veins to be predisposing conditions.

According to statistics, this pathology suffer 20% of the world's population and 50 percent of patients with early stage disease are not even aware of their disease. Most often varicose veins suffer for the fair sex.

How dangerous are varicose veins

The main risk for varicose veins lies in the emergence of complications of the disease, such as:

  1. Phlebitis is characterized by the formation of inflammatory processes on the inner side of blood vessels. The skin gets a reddish hue, and every touch, that it hurts. If at the same time inflamed veins more, the health of the person deteriorates. In the case of a premature beginning of the treatment, the disease develops into thrombosis.
  2. As a result of thrombophlebitis occur in a blood seal, in other words blood clots. An accurate diagnosis the ultrasound procedure, ultrasound, etc Externally, you can see the redness and seal in the field of the inflamed veins. The disease is sometimes accompanied by a slight increase in body temperature. If blood clots occur in the deep veins, then the patient begins a deadly threat. To avoid death, emergency surgery.
  3. Thrombosis is a complication of varicose veins, which is extremely difficult to identify due to the location of the clots as they formed in deep veins without inflammation. After some time you will notice the formation of a thrombus by external signs, for example, severe swelling of the affected veins. On the surface of the skin, where it was a blood clot, the dermis is red shade with blue shimmer.
  4. Trophic ulcers — the disease occurs due to a defect in blood circulation, which further leads to disruption of tissues in the body. Minor injury may cause the spread of ulcers in the Shins. Often the complications that accompany the formation of dermatitis and infectious processes.

In order to prevent serious complications, patients with venous insufficiency should take seriously their health, visit the doctor.

Symptoms of varicose veins on the legs

The first symptoms of varicose veins can be gently expressed, namely:

  • a thin vascular mesh to obtain a blue-violet shade;
  • fatigue, itching, pain and burning sensation in legs up to the evening;
  • numbness and twitching of muscles at night.

With the development of changes in vessels vein symptoms worsen, because of this:

  • the dermis in areas of varicose veins become thicker flakes and is covered with blue dots;
  • pain in the calf becomes more intense and more regular;
  • occur the venous node, with a touch that causes pain.


causes of varicose veins

The experts distinguish 4 stages of the disease:

  • The first phase is almost complete absence of complaints, with the exception of minor cosmetic irregularities.
  • The second stage — the appearance of heavy legs, slight swelling, irregular, night cramps of the calf muscles.
  • The third phase is the formation of spots of red, blue and then brown, thickening of the skin and mild swelling in the legs, swelling. The change of color indicates the progression of the disease, it is important to start therapeutic measures.
  • The fourth stage, thrombophlebitis and venous ulcers, while ignoring the treatment. Ulcers, which is established in any injury to eliminate them is almost impossible.

Varicose veins on the legs in women

According to statistics, varicose disease, which is diagnosed in women 4 times more often than men. While varicose veins can occur in both young girls and adult women.

One of the main factors of the disease in women is weight gain during menopause. This is due to the influence of hormones (progesterone, estrogen) that reduce the tone of blood vessels.

Way of life has a significant impact on the health of women. According to statistics, most often varicose veins occur in women with a sedentary work — 37% of the world population. In the fairer sex, who have the majority of the day spend in the vertical position (vendors, teachers) the disease occurs less frequently — 63%.

Genetic influence on the development of the disease is not fully understood, however, 25% of respondents had relatives who have suffered from this disease.

During pregnancy

Varicose veins in pregnancy due to the influence of factors on female body:

  • increase in blood volume;
  • the increase of the uterus, the compression of the retroperitoneal veins;
  • hormonal changes, increased levels of progesterone;
  • the increase in intra-abdominal pressure, and in the process of delivery.

Disease during pregnancy develops in the first few months. Clinical symptoms began to appear in the middle of the second trimester.

Varicose veins in men legs

The main factors in the formation of varicose veins on the legs in men are:

  • Smoking;
  • a lot of physical effort;
  • the abuse of alcoholic beverages;
  • an unbalanced diet;
  • the lack of movement;
  • lifting weights.

Men's work is often associated with physical activity. Regular stress can lead to stenosis of the saphenous vein.

Another factor in the development of the disease is the consumption of high calorie, fatty foods and inadequate intake of Magnesium and omega-3.

The treatment of a disease, which occurs in the same way as women.

Treatment of varicose veins on the legs

Effective treatment of varicose on the legs, it is necessary to solve certain problems:

  • removal of varicose syndrome;
  • removing the signs of disease;
  • prevention of recurrence.

The first problem is solved with the help of drug therapy and surgical intervention. Conservative treatment is aimed at eliminating signs of disease (drug, treatment, and compression) and prevent (physical therapy, elastic compression).

In the initial phase of the disease apply conservative treatment:

  • the medicine that the doctor prescribes;
  • local application of gels and ointments;
  • elastic compression;
  • Physical therapy and exercises;
  • proper nutrition and a healthy lifestyle.

Compression, conservative treatment is mandatory in all stages of the disease. In the use of compression socks are able to eliminate blood stasis, and to create good conditions for microcirculation vessels. Jerseys with the optimal pressure selected based on the extent of varicose veins:

  • Class 1 — the initial stage of the disease;
  • Class 2 — varicose veins syndrome of "tired legs";
  • Class 3 — the presence of complications of the disease.

Folk remedies

Folk medicine offers a number of tools, which are aimed at reducing the symptoms of the disease and eliminate the pain.

Below are some of the most effective way that you can cook yourself at home.

treatment of varicose veins



  • black bread — 1 piece;
  • camphor oil — 20 ml;
  • the fruits of horse chestnut — 50 g.

Preparation: Spread bread with butter, on top sprinkle dry fruit chestnut.

Use: the result of the composition of the subject for inflamed Vienna and fix with an elastic bandage, leave the poultice overnight.

Effect: Elimination of pain after 10 sessions.

Head with burdock

Ingredients: burdock — 1 sheet.


  1. Wash the burdock leaves under the water to become clean.
  2. Place the mug on a hot kettle that gets warm.


  1. Apply to the affected Vienna sterile bandage on top of it, place it on the inner side of the pitcher and secure.
  2. Carry out the procedure for the night.

Effect: Spend 5 procedures per day, then the pain subsides.

Wrap with honey

Ingredients: honey — 3 tablespoons

Preparation: If you compress with too thick of honey, gently melted in a water bath.

Use: Spread the honey on the inflamed Vienna in a thin layer at the top, wrap the foot in cling film and secure with a bandage. Duration of the first treatment is 2 hours, 2-3 — 4 hours, 4 all night.

Effect: Relief after 2 treatments.

Pack tomatoes

Ingredients: tomato — 1 PC.

Preparation: Slice tomato in thin slices.

Use: Apply on the slices for the patient, Vienna, top, wrap with cling film and a bandage. Follow the procedure daily, it lasted 3 hours.

Effect: Improving the health status.

Tincture recipe


  • alcohol — 3 liters;
  • core peel and horse chestnut — 2 kg.


  1. Chop the shell and the core of the volume are filled half a 3 liter can.
  2. Pour part of the alcohol, cover tightly with lid and place in dark place for a month.
  3. Three times a week, shake in a jar.
  4. Ready filter through several layers of clean gauze.


  1. Tincture RUB the inflamed veins every day before bedtime.
  2. If you wish, you can take the tincture orally for 1 tablespoon three times a day, for a quarter of an hour before meals, the duration of 30 days.

Effect: Elimination of pain and discomfort with sticking out.

A compress of calendula


  • calendula flowers — 2,5 tbsp;
  • unrefined oil is 0.5 L.

Preparation: Pour the calendula oil, place the composition in a water bath for 30 minutes. Allowing the composition to stand for 1 hour, and then strain it.

Use:the Oil composition of daily RUB in sore areas of the skin, slight in a circle. After that dampen a clean cloth in the composition of which it to the affected vein and leave overnight.

Effect: reduces the appearance of varicose veins.

Apple cider vinegar for varicose veins on the legs

Every day at night RUB vinegar on inflamed areas on the skin. The duration of treatment is 30 days. You can carry out the procedure in the morning, but when it is, you should lie down for one hour.

For improving the impact of drink apple cider vinegar diluted in water with honey on an empty stomach 30 minutes before a meal. The duration of treatment is 1 month.

Apple cider vinegar, diluted in water, can be used as a lotion for the inflamed veins. If you want to do this, dissolve in a glass of water, 2 tbsp. vinegar, dampen a clean part of the cloth and apply to the affected vein. Do the procedure two hours before bedtime.


In order to prevent the formation of varicose veins use the following guidelines:

  • the use of specific medicines;
  • do not throw a leg over the other while sitting;
  • daily cleaning of the intestine from harmful substances, which prevent the formation of slag;
  • take breaks when standing work, let your feet relax;
  • follow the diet, avoid weight gain, reduction of salt intake;
  • if you need to wear compression socks;
  • limit intake of alcoholic drinks and tobacco products;
  • perhaps spending more time in the fresh air;
  • do not self-massage stop using vegetable and essential oils;
  • see your doctor regularly.


the prevention of varicose veins
  1. Use for the treatment pills ointments and gels only after the appointment of an expert.
  2. Varicose veins on the legs is more common in women than in men.
  3. To identify the formation of varicose veins in the early stage of the disease is almost impossible.