How to treat varicose veins

Varicose veins – a widespread disease characterized by the proliferation of lumen of blood vessels, disruption of the valve apparatus and the occurrence of the reverse current of the blood. In the pathologic process can be kept at different locations, so the types of diseases some:

  • dilatation of the esophagus;
  • veins in the rectum (hemorrhoids);
  • the veins of the pelvis;
  • the veins of the spermatic cord (varicocele);
  • the veins of the lower extremities.
treatment of varicose veins

The most common is varicose veins on the legs. According to some estimates, affecting more than 30% of the population, the majority of women. Varicose veins on the legs is not only ugly sticking out, but also a lot of pain and inconvenience. Pathological process, which monitors the weight, pain, edema, often leads to dangerous complications: thrombophlebitis, thrombosis, trophic ulcers. Many would like to know how to get rid of varicose veins forever, because this has a significant impact on quality of life. But, unfortunately, it is a phenomenon that is irreversible and the only thing you can achieve is to stop or slow down the progression of the disease.

Reasons

Causes of varicose veins is still not determined for sure. It is clear that the disease is associated with the thinning, weakness and loss of elasticity of the vessel walls and incompetent valves. In the result, the veins become unevenly dilated and stretched, long and knotted. They believe that it is crucial role in the occurrence of the disease is a genetic predisposition, that is, from the birth of weak blood vessels and defective valves.

There are several factors that contribute to the development of varicose veins, though not his reasons:

  • Heredity (according to the experts, the risk of disease in people whose parents suffer from it, is up to 70%).
  • Which belongs to the female sex. This is due to the hormonal changes in puberty, in pregnancy and after menopause, and hormonal contraceptives and the wearing of shoes with high heels.
  • Work is an activity associated with prolonged stay on their feet or in a sitting position (hairdressers, salespersons, surgeons, waiters, drivers, accountants, programmers, and others).
  • The age at which weakening of the vessel walls and wear of the valve apparatus – a natural phenomenon.
  • Surgery.
  • A sedentary lifestyle.
  • Increased intra-abdominal pressure due to obesity, pregnancy, lifting of heavy loads (longshoremen, athletes-weights), frequent loads in chronic constipation and cough.

Treatment

Varicose veins is a chronic process that begins gradually and over time progresses. Completely the treatment of the disease, it is impossible, but slow progression and reduce the symptoms, it is possible, if integrated treatment, which includes:

  • with a lifestyle change;
  • diet;
  • physiotherapy;
  • compression therapy;
  • medications (for internal intake and local destinations);
  • surgery;
  • thermal procedures;
  • folk methods.

The effectiveness of the treatment depends on the patient, all the doctor's recommendations. It is important to seek help at an early stage, when there is no pain, but appeared the evening of the swelling, the weight and fatigue of the legs, small spider veins on the skin.

Correction of lifestyle

causes of varicose veins

Without lifestyle changes, it is impossible to effectively fight varicose veins. The rules you need to follow a completely irrelevant, and their failure usually is due to a lack of will or an irresponsible attitude to their health.

  • Maintaining a normal body weight.
  • Say goodbye to bad habits: alcohol and Smoking.
  • The refusal of sunbathing, a visit to the steam rooms and saunas, taking hot baths (including foot).
  • The refusal of high heels (not more than 4-5 cm).
  • Wearing the special elastic knitwear.
  • The provision of physical activity. This can be walking, swimming, therapeutic physical training, some sports. The most important is to eliminate the sit-UPS, lifting weights, running long distances, jumping, martial arts.
  • Proper diet. The diet should be more fresh vegetables, fruits, greens, whole grains, seafood. The amount of meat, it is advisable to reduce. We should abandon smoked, fried, salty, fatty. From the drinks to give preference to green tea, pure water, fruit drinks, fresh natural juices and limit coffee.
  • Take advantage of every opportunity throughout the day to raise your legs up to an angle of about 20 degrees.
  • To purchase a special pillow for your feet, that during sleep they were above the level of the heart.
  • Try as often as possible to rinse the legs with cold water.

Compression treatment

The special elastic knit available on the market today in a huge range of. This socks, socks, short socks in different colors and densities, which do not differ from normal. You have become a good alternative to the inconvenient to use and looks like an elastic bandage.

A special Jersey can not treat varicose veins, but improves microcirculation, reduces the load on the veins, prevents blood stagnation, reduces the diameter of veins increases the outflow of venous blood and lymph. A person feels lightness in the legs, in the evening less tired, no edema is present.

There are four class of medical knitwear, depending on the exerted pressure. You can only wear jewelry 1 class compression, are considered preventive and is designed for healthy people. Others must be prescribed by a doctor depending on the diagnosis and severity of the varicose veins. You should know that the compression devices may be contraindicated in certain diseases. Tights or stockings lifts the medic strictly according to the size, otherwise the desired effect will be.

Medicines

For the treatment of varicose veins tablets and external resources in the form of gels, creams and ointments of various range of activities. Increase vascular tone, improving microcirculation, promote blood flow, prevent the skin changes. Medicines designed to eliminate the fatigue, weight, discomfort, swelling, itching, cramping and pain in the legs. They are appointed strictly individually.

The main means of treatment of varicose veins is a special medication for varicose veins. They are made on the basis of horse chestnut, routines, grape leaves and almost always well-tolerated by patients. Are constructed in the form of tablets, capsules, gels.

To reduce blood viscosity and reduce the likelihood of thrombophlebitis used anticoagulants. This ointment on the basis of heparin with cooling additives in the form of menthol, camphor, eucalyptus. In addition, by thinning the blood, they inhibit the development of thrombophlebitis.

Skin changes that cause itching, can prescribe antihistamines. Inflammation of the prescribe nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory pills.

Surgery

For the elimination of varicose veins, performed surgery to remove the affected part of the vessel to stop the outflow of blood from the surface veins into the deep. The operation is called phlebectomy. In the classic form, is now used less often in connection with the emergence of new, less traumatic ways of dealing with varicose veins. This treatment usually is indicated for large diameters of the veins and severe cases of the disease.

More gentle way is a micro-phlebectomy, in which part of the vein to remove the parts and not through the incision and the puncture.

Thermal methods

methods of treatment of varicose veins

Radiofrequency ablation is considered the safest and least traumatic method of treatment of varicose veins, although it has some contraindications. The method includes the thermal effects of microwaves, with the result that the venous lumen is closed. Key advantages:

  • outpatient treatment;
  • does not need anesthesia and the incision;
  • recovery will not be much time;
  • the procedure is easily tolerated;
  • you can do this summer;
  • bruising after the treatment, no less swelling and pain.

Laser coagulation is another treatment method of varicose veins. During the procedure, the vessel wall is exposed to the laser. Radiation cause bonding of the walls of the blood vessels and complete closure of the lumen. An outpatient basis under local anesthesia without incisions. In the lumen of a vein to insert the catheter, through which is introduced the led and the pump radiation. The procedure is less dangerous complications are very rare.

Sclerotherapy

This non-surgical method of one of the most common. Used in small veins and as part of a comprehensive treatment, along with surgical procedure. The point is, that with the help of a thin needle in the vein injected a special drug. The result is a grip the walls of the vessel, close it and stop the blood flow. Amazed by Vienna changes into a fibrous cord. The main advantages of the method:

  • outpatient treatment;
  • low invasiveness;
  • the ease of execution;
  • duration – approximately 20 minutes;
  • a good cosmetic effect.

Traditional methods

Tincture of nuts. In a glass bowl, pour the crushed unripe walnuts and pour olive oil. Put in the sun for 40 days. How to use the right tool, the stain on the affected area. The treatment last about four months.

Cabbage leaves

Deters cabbage leaves, on one side, apply a layer of olive oil to make this page for the painful area, wrap and leave for one day. Continue treatment for one month.

Horse chestnut

This is one of the most effective folk remedies. For the treatment of varicose veins prepare infusion of the fruit plants, you need to grind, fill half of the glass containers (litres) and pour the vodka. If you want to remove in a dark place for a month, from time to time to mix. When you are ready, RUB the sore spots for the night. Alcohol tincture of sweet chestnut for outdoor and indoor use with varicose veins you can buy in the pharmacy.

Exercises

The appearance of varicose veins, is a question that may arise, or carry out physical activity and sport and any exercise is good. Most doctors agree that physical activity at this disease is very important, because for veins useful harmful dynamics and statics. But it is equally important to consult with your doctor about what sport can do and what the load will be optimal. In addition, the patient can be displayed in a special medical gymnastics, which is carried out directly in the hospital. At home you can also perform simple but effective exercises that with regular exercises will help reduce the symptoms of varicose veins.

  1. Lying on his back, under the leg to put a pillow so that it climbed at an angle of 20 degrees. Close your eyes and relax completely, breathe deeply.
  2. In the supine position, lift the legs vertically and rotate the legs alternately inwards and outwards.
  3. Lie on your back and legs to the movement like riding a bike.
  4. Lying on your back, lift legs and cross (scissors).
  5. Stand up straight, arms down, legs together. Slowly rise on toes, then slowly down.
  6. Walk in place, socks from the floor that is not interrupted.
  7. Sitting on a chair, bend your legs at the leg himself and from himself, and then similarly bend the fingers.
  8. In the shower of the foot, elastic and running water (alternately cool then warm).

Finish

the prevention of varicose veins

Varicose veins is an irreversible process, but treatment is necessary, especially because modern methods used in the complex, very much. Without treatment, the risk of complications such as chronic venous insufficiency, phlebitis, thrombophlebitis, thrombosis, ulcers, and even such a dangerous condition that can lead to death as a pulmonary embolism.