Stage varicose veins: symptoms and treatment

Varicose disease refers to diseases with a strong current. It starts slowly, her first symptoms may be overlooked. The lack of treatment in the early phase leads to disease progression and worsening of the condition. Therefore, the changes and approaches to treatment, which could help you in the beginning, it is useless on a remote stage. Stage of varicose veins of the lower extremities to determine not only the symptoms of the disease, but the choice of method of treatment.

As the disease develops

stage of varicose veins

Not the last role in the development of the disease is heredity. The descendants is not the varicose veins on the legs, and the specific structure of the connective tissue. This forms the venous valves do not allow blood to flow away through the veins in the opposite direction. Lack of physical activity associated with work, to a sitting position, pregnancy, high heel shoes and the additional weight may cause the violation of the blood flow, which weakens the valves changed.

In medical practice, several types of classification of varicose veins on the legs. Some of them take into account the level of development of varicose veins. Doctors use a classification in which there are three phases:

  1. Compensation.
  2. Compensation B.
  3. Decompensation.

Each stage defines its own signs of illness and approaches to treatment. It also uses the international classification, where the phase of the varicose veins are associated with individual characteristics:

  • S0: symptoms, no.
  • C1: spider veins.
  • C2: visibly enlarged veins.
  • C3: edema of the legs, which take place after the holidays.
  • C4: pigmentation changes and skin diseases.
  • C5: the complex changes that are listed above and back of ulcers.
  • C6: pathological changes in the feet and active venous ulcers.

For the treatment of varicose veins at the initial stage is much easier than when running the form. So you need to pay attention to the first signs of disease.


In the initial stage of varicose veins troubled by a sense of fullness in the legs that appears at the end of the day or after a long standing position sitting. The blood thus stagnates in the lower extremities. Legs quickly get tired, sometimes appear cramps and pain along the veins. In the first stage of varicose veins you may notice on the skin on the legs spider veins. Sometimes in the evening swollen feet, are cotton. If you give them rest, swelling and the feeling of bloating pass.

Varicose veins in an early stage amenable to conservative treatment. Also helps in the following ways:

  • Wearing compression underwear – panty hose, tights, stockings, socks.
  • The use of ointments and creams heparin.
  • Use of local herbal preparations.
  • Tableted pharmaceutical preparations for the improvement of the situation in the veins of the legs.

To deal with varicose veins at this stage is possible with lifestyle changes. For this you need to change shoes more comfortable, not to throw a leg over the other, if the work is connected with standing – often to stretch your legs, roll from the toe to the heel. In a sedentary work, you should periodically get up and walk. If you ignore the first signs of the disease, will go in 2. the rate of varicose veins.

Compensation B

The second stage varicose veins are often forced to go to a doctor. Symptoms of the disease become visible to the naked eye, they are accompanied by cosmetic defects and bring physical discomfort.

Varicose veins accompanied by enlargement of the saphenous veins, are the bumps under your skin as blue nodes. The skin takes a blue or brown shade. Leg pain occurs more frequently, can disrupt the night. Pronounced swelling of the legs, itching of the skin or numbness. Conservative treatment is not very effective. It is used for the routine preparation of the patient for surgical treatment and recovery. Necessary to wear compressive underwear, long-term use of special tools.

Stage 2 is treatable with laser, radiofrequency ablation. Is it possible to use a special method to treat this stage, the doctor will decide. Takes account of the General condition of the patient and the findings of the veins.


treatment of varicose veins

Stage 3 varicose veins is characterized by severe pathological changes. The outflow of venous obstructed, excess liquid part of blood permeates the surrounding tissues, the swelling becomes permanent. Some changes to the valves increase the risk for thrombophlebitis. There is a blockage of the vein with subsequent inflammation.

Eating disorders of skin and appendages. Hair fall, aggravate the condition of the nail. The skin becomes dry and susceptible to cracking. Violation of the trophic leads to the formation of ulcers.

How to treat varicose veins at this stage depends on the symptoms. In most of the cases required hospitalization. Thrombophlebitis is treated conservatively using nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, heparin. Often, if signs of budding thrombophlebitis carried out with minimal invasive surgical treatment.

Stage 4

Sometimes stage 4 is called chronic venous ulcers. This is the last symptom that appears when running varicose veins. This is long not healing, gives pain patients with it to lose efficiency. His cure is impossible without addressing the causes for varicose veins.

After treatment of the underlying pathology, the use of drugs, treatment of ulcers, and surgical closure of the ulcer.

Symptoms of varicose veins may be easy to notice at an early stage and promptly contact your health care provider. Then treatment, which may be limited to conservative methods. But with the progression degree of disease, will be complicated and treat. To prevent this, you have to participate in the prevention of varicose veins and do not postpone visit to the doctor.