Varicose veins is a fairly common disease, especially among women who disrupted the veins of the lower extremities. This is due to the fact that suffer from venous valves, which kind of dampers that regulate the reverse flow of blood from the legs. Normally, the valves should open and close, depending on the blood flow.
With varicose veins, they almost never close, which develops the stagnation of blood in the veins of the lower extremities. Of course, a large number of accumulated blood in the veins cause the stretching of their walls, loss of strength, and sometimes even damage. Therefore, the progression of the process on the skin occur characteristic manifestations of the.
At first it was only spider veins, veins, then there are cusps of the stretched veins of blue and purple, legs become large, begin to peel off the skin, pain in the lower extremities. It is therefore very important to detect the disease at an early stage and time to begin treatment.
The reasons for the development of the disease
Varicose veins can develop under the influence of many external factors. Of course, it all depends on the persons way of life. However, there are a number of predisposing risk factors which increase the likelihood of varicose veins.
These factors include genetic predisposition, hormonal balance, nervous system diseases, sedentary lifestyle, physical stress, flat feet, wearing shoes with high heels.
Genetic predisposition – unfortunately, spruce relatives suffered from this disease, it is likely that it will pass to You, so that it is often due to a hereditary weakness of connective tissue, or the defect venous valves. In this case, it is necessary to know about the prevention of varicose veins.
Hormonal imbalance – the constant fluctuations in hormone levels, which are part of the majority of women, and therefore, statistically, are more prone to varicose veins. Such fluctuations are observed throughout the menstrual cycle, during pregnancy and after menopause. Also affects hormonal drugs (e.g. contraceptive). The female hormones have a strong influence on the elasticity of the vascular walls.
Diseases of the nervous system, frequent stress, depression – it is known that the nervous system, which is responsible for the regulation of venous tone. Therefore, any pathology associated with it, can affect the condition of the blood vessels;
Inflammatory processes in the pelvis – are more worried about the female. That can significantly disrupt hormone.
A sedentary lifestyle– because it is long sitting at the computer, for example, the leg veins are clamped outflow of blood from them is disrupted. Due to the stagnation of blood in the vascular wall stretch and become thinner. Today, even "computer". so often, they began to meet.
Physical stress – excessive physical activity also does not affect anything good for blood vessels. Weight lifting, constant walking, increase the load on the legs and, consequently, on the veins.
Flat feet – one way or another, is a deformity of the foot, and also bears a certain amount of influence on the vessels of the lower extremities.
The constitution of the fat people, and especially with the high growth in the future is very susceptible to varicose veins.
The wearing of high heels – once again, this is dangerous for women, as it is, when I'm high and not particularly comfortable heels, the load on the lower limbs very increased.
Clinical manifestations of varicose veins
The symptoms appear gradually, but steadily progressing, especially in the absence of appropriate treatment. It all starts with the appearance on the legs of small vascular mesh and gears. Does not cause a lot of discomfort, but with these forms it is necessary to seek advice of a physician.
An additional concern, swelling in the legs, that occur when a long walk and often in the evening. In the morning they are alone. This is the first sign that is the function of the deep veins that return blood to the heart is impaired.
Over time, patients began to complain of leg cramps, numbness, especially at night and in the morning. If this phase of treatment is begun, then will appear the venous nodules on the skin, the veins will appear bluish or even closer to the red, will be painful on palpation. The skin on the lower extremities will start to change gradually. This will become firm to the touch, dry, starts to peel off and darken. When walking mind severe pain in the muscles.
And in places the occurrence of venous nodes will be felt itchy. You may also experience involuntary contractions of the calf muscles at night.
Diagnosis and complications of varicose veins
To diagnose the disease, should as soon as possible. But it all depends on when the patient go to the hospital.
When the diagnosis is based on complaints, symptoms on legs way of life for the patient, his habits, body type, presence of varicose veins are parents, brothers, sisters.
To confirm the diagnosis, appoint additional instrumental methods of examination.
Such methods are:
- Ultrasonic vein mapping (ultrasound) – also known as Doppler ultrasound of lower limb veins. This allows to assess the structure of vessels, their movement, speed and direction of blood flow, presence of thrombotic formations, vascular dilation, the presence of any tumors.
- Contrast venography, or phlebography – it is produced by injecting into a vessel a contrast agent. Its distribution shows the patency of blood vessels, the condition of the walls, the presence of space-occupying lesions in the vascular lumens.
Ultrasound is considered more desirable, as is a non-invasive method of research.
In the absence of a proper treatment of varicose veins can lead to many complications.
- thrombophlebitis – inflammation of the dilated and deformed veins;
- bleeding due to the rupture of the vascular walls;
- the rheological properties of the blood, which leads to the formation of blood clots, which can lead to pulmonary embolism, myocardial infarction, stroke;
- excessive pigmentation of the skin.
The sores – they can occur from the smallest wound or skin injury due to the constantly disrupted the flow of blood. As a result, ulcers are very long to heal, hurt like hell and unpleasant odor.
All of this has a significant impact on the quality of life of patients and can even make them disabled.
The main methods of treatment of varicose veins
Unfortunately, varicosity is a chronic disease, and there are ways to cure him completely. However, medicine has found the means to at least prevent progression of the disease.
Treatment depends on the degree of varicose veins. If only the initial symptoms, then you can do without surgery, which is only conservative methods.
Medications – this includes tools that increase the tone of blood vessels, anticoagulant medicines to prevent blood clots, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (painkillers), as well as various creams, ointments and gels for the skin of the feet.
Compression methods – these include the use of compression socks, use bandages from elastic bandages to maintain the tone.
Pneumatic massage is a special massage that is performed with the use of pneumatic massager. This is very effective, as it improves blood circulation, nutrition of tissues, increases vascular tone.
Sclerotherapy – this is an extreme way. This is carried out without operating procedures. To consolidate, that is the decline in the vessels, that is, injecting a special substance that stops the blood flow in the tank, so that will atrophy over time, does not work and disappears. But it can be from a few sessions of sclerotherapy to achieve the desired effect.
Intravascular laser coagulation – this is an invasive method of treatment. With the help of laser surgeons coagulated the affected vein under local anesthesia.
Leeches is a bit antiquated, but still effective. This refers to the folk medicine. After using the leech bite through the skin and sucking the excreted in the blood substance. This thins the blood and does not shape diseases.
Diet – the diet of patients, suffering from varicose veins, should be a lot of fruit and vegetables, in any form, seafood, legumes, nuts, lean meat and dairy products.
Among the non-traditional methods of treatment prefer a tincture of Apple cider vinegar, soap and potatoes, and soda baths, use a tincture of ginseng.
The foundation for the prevention of varicose veins
Many wonder whether it is possible to cure varicose veins permanently? The answer is no. However, you can follow some preventive measures to avoid illness.
This is in particular active way of life, weight loss, constant exercises for the lower extremities, use of compression clothing.
If the disease is already occurred, it is necessary to avoid the use of hormonal contraceptive medications (which contain female hormones, which can aggravate the disease).
In addition, they should be avoided:
- The use of any shoes with heels as it increases the load on the legs.
- Weight increase and, particularly, obesity.
- The presence of dietary fat, spicy, fried, smoked and salted.
- Lifting weights.
- Long lying in the hot tub.
- Steam baths and saunas.
- Alcohol abuse, Smoking.
- Self-medication without consulting with your doctor first.
In addition, those who are a long time to be in a sitting or standing position, consider that:
- during a long stay on your feet it does not hurt to rise on socks and fall on heels, jump from foot to foot and vigorously stir with your fingers to disperse the accumulated blood;
- among the long-term work in the office in front of the computer can occasionally put your feet on the table, so that the blood will better flow away from the leg;
- you can buy a special foot stand on which will be very handy to do some of the exercises;
- it is useful to periodically raise and lower the fingers, gives tone to the calf muscles and activates the blood flow in the veins.
Every hour you must stand a few minutes to walk around and do a little exercises.