Varicose veins: causes, symptoms, treatment

You drove standing a few stops on the subway or stood in line at the Bank, and after that my legs become like iron? This can be the first sign of varicose veins. Than it threatens and how to treat?

What are varicose veins

We all know that arteries are vessels that blood from the heart to the internal organs and skin, the veins, on the contrary, it returns to the heart. However, sometimes, due to various reasons is becoming increasingly difficult to do, it begins to stagnate in the veins, which swell and begin to pain. This is called varicose veins.

varicose veins

Why is this happening? The blood in the veins rises upwards under the influence of the remaining blood pressure. The rate of blood flow thus affects the muscle tone is reduced, the muscle as it squeezes blood up. Backflow of blood, which is in contrast to the venous valves. But if in the veins is constantly under pressure (for example, if you are too sore from weight training or long standing), and then gradually extend and elongate the muscular walls of the vessels gradually atrophy die nerves responsible for the tone of the veins. Venous valves wrinkled, deformed scar tissue and ceases to perform its function. These processes are gradually assumes the entire venous trunk and its tributaries, and move on to the capillaries. This leads to the fact that tissues and organs are poorly supplied with oxygen and nutrients, and the legs appear bulging and wriggling "samples" of the blue colour (and Oh, the horror! good-bye, short skirts).

Causes of varicose veins

Doctors believe that the main reason for varicose veins (vessels that bring blood to the heart) – heredity. This is the risk of varicose veins increases if he suffered from a mother or grandmother. Hereditary weakness of the venous walls, which over time, the veins stretch and the blood flow slows down for him. The main risk for varicose veins is that congestion in the veins can lead to blood clots in them. And thrombophlebitis – this is a serious disease that can lead to dangerous complications. But to get to this point, you have to be completely deaf to your body.

Who is at risk?

• It is justly considered that varicose veins – a "disease of sellers and hairdressers", that is, people who spend a lot of time on their feet. But this list of professions can continue to include surgeons, waiters, merchandisers (these are the people who provided the goods on the shelves in the supermarket) and everyone at the end of the day boldly, we can say: "I never sat down today!".
• Prolonged sitting without movement can also serve as a trigger for varicose veins, causing congestion in the pelvis. And so long sitting on one place, not only truck drivers, but more or less all the office workers, you must periodically force yourself to get up and walk around – at least when we are talking on the mobile phone.
• Also the risk of dealing with varicose veins is obese women (confirmed, fat women are the ones who have serious problems with being overweight, not those who just need to lose a few extra pounds).
• pregnant women – because of the increased weight of the uterus begins to compress the pelvic veins, causing stasis of blood.

Symptoms of varicose veins

They are usually at the beginning of the varicose veins before the numerous symptoms that are hard to miss:
• feeling of weight in legs, especially at the end of the day;
• burning sensation, which may occur along the veins;
• swelling of the legs occurring in the evening, but to morning disappear;
• on the surface of the skin of the feet appeared swollen, bulging, tortuous veins (another vein).

Four strict "NO" on varicose veins

• Do NOT wear a high heel.
• Do NOT sit, crossing her legs.
• Do NOT wear socks with too tight elastic band is too tight shoes and tight jeans.
• Do NOT lift anything heavier than 5 kg.

Some women on the legs, chest or even on the face spider veins (called telangiectasia). Doctors believe that give them the form of intradermal varicose veins. In most cases the problem is purely aesthetic in nature, but if a lot of stars, and they are mainly on the legs, it stagnates in them quite a large amount of blood and blood-related symptoms of chronic venous insufficiency (feeling of weight and pain in the legs). In this case, the problem must be addressed already in the of health reasons. And recommendations on the sport are the same as varicose veins.

Go to the doctor

If you notice the symptoms of varicose veins, it is not necessary to lower the balance on the brakes. It is not absorbed, but can degrade easily, especially if you're doing those types of physical activities, which when varicose veins are contraindicated. So, first you need to go to the doctor-phlebologist to clarify how serious (this is usually necessary to pass ultrasound vascular bed). According to the results the doctor will decide what to do – to wait (if the symptoms of the disease are minimal) or assign medicines. If the manifestations of the disease yet, but is only a genetic predisposition to it, visit phlebologist would still not hurt. Your doctor will tell you how to do not cause disease.

Fitness and varicose veins

treatment of varicose veins

If the suspected disease is confirmed, be sure to discuss with your doctor whether to continue with a fitness workout on the normal scheme. Do not hesitate to ask the doctor specifically about what you can and what not. Examples of valid questions: "Doctor, I'm worried if I now run 5 miles every day, as usual?" "Doctor, I have a ticket for a ski resort purchased a ride-this to me now?", etc, If in this case the training programme will be drawn up individually with an instructor, who understands that there is a problem, because people without the proper education and experience can't account for all risk factors.

Those who already have symptoms of varicose veins, however slight:
• we do not recommend this load, in which the "clogged" (overloaded) leg muscles – for example, snowboarding and skiing, step aerobics, running, weights, etc ..
• you should not do exercises in which you have to strain, hold your breath.

The manifestation of varicose veins just abandon the sport can not, because physical activity improves blood flow. Properly working out in the gym will force you to work those muscle groups that act as "muscle pump" and forced to empty the venous bed. Universal prescription for training there, but definitely useful, all in connection with the pool – water aerobics, yoga, just swimming. Fitness equipment that is ideal for stepper, Bicycle trainer, cardio equipment. On the beloved treadmill will have to go a step or shock load on the legs, to anything.

You need to be careful even with such a seemingly quiet activities, such as Pilates and yoga because there are also represents a lot of load on the legs. It is better to choose exercises for stretching and relaxation.

The recommendations of the fitness trainer

1. During the workout, alternate tension and relaxation and receivie the load – do the exercises at the top, then on bottom.
2. Avoid vertical starting positions – better to do the exercises sitting and lying down. For example, instead of squats to exercise your legs while lying down.
3. Participate in special compression socks (you can buy them only in pharmacies and are specially selected depending on the doctor's recommendation).
4. It is best to do the exercises without weights. If you want to increase the load, do more reps of the exercises, and does not increase the weight of the projectile. And, of course, don't forget about proper breathing during fitness.


So, let varices without control, although its manifestations are minor, not worth it. Do not be lazy and visit a phlebologist. Because the relationship with him is more helpful than the surgeon, who will need to go when the problem will be fully launched. In General, if you have concerns about varicose veins, only try to move more in everyday life, – to go through all at one of the work at home, walk through the hallway, when we talk about mobile those useful things, that will allow the veins to work more efficiently.