Varicose veins

Varicose veins — this is a known cosmetic issue that concerns all a lot of women, because the feet are seen, expressed venous network. This disease not only makes feet unsightly, but also causes a lot of inconvenience, constantly care for the patient.

varicose veins

It is important to understand that advanced forms of the disease, which can cause serious complications, so the treatment of varicose veins should begin in the early stages of the disease. Timely and proper treatment will help you to avoid surgery and reduce the symptoms of the disease.


Varicose veins is a chronic disease, varicose veins increase in size, deformed, broken blood tissue exchange. As a result, the nodes appear under the skin, and visible venous mesh, and the blue stars. Usually varicose veins occur in the lower extremities, but sometimes the disease affects the internal organs.

The vessel, which are arranged in a special way, are valves that let blood only up, it is necessary that it is usually circulated and not stagnant. If the valves for any reason whatsoever cease to function properly, the blood stops, they usually leave the vessels to dilate and elongate.


Varicose veins are divided into several types, depending on where it was found, the pathology:

  • Varicose disease of the lower extremities is the most common form of the disease. She shows severe symptoms and cosmetic defects, so that the diagnosis usually is not difficult. In this time we have developed an efficient system of treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities.
  • Varicose veins of the uterus. This pathology meets seldom enough, it can be triggered by factors such as miscarriage, hormonal changes during pregnancy or intake of hormonal contraceptives, the valves of the veins in the ovaries. The symptoms are usually similar to other gynecological problems, therefore, to quickly diagnose varicose veins of the uterus rarely. This pathology can cause severe pain, especially during menstruation and subsequent infertility, so that you will have to be dealt with urgently.
  • Varicose veins of the esophagus. This pathology usually develops as a complication of heart failure, problems with the liver, spleen and other diseases, even the disease is rarely congenital. This form of varicose veins is very dangerous, and almost 50% of cases can provoke a fatal outcome. The fact that it is the first time varicose veins of the esophagus are asymptomatic and makes itself felt sharp, severe pain and bleeding, is more common in patients with cirrhosis of the liver.
  • Varicose veins of the pelvis. This varicose veins is considered a very rare disease, and it is a little studied, so that, when Troubleshooting problems often arise. The disease is usually accompanied by pain when urinating, during sexual intercourse. You can increase the veins in the groin and hips, which is not always obvious. Because of such blurred symptoms patients usually visit a gynecologist or urologist, who may not immediately notice problems with veins the treatment of other diseases.
  • Varicocele. This disease affects only males, while varicose veins occur in the veins of the spermatic cord, which is located between the testicles. Most often the disease affects boys, sometimes it happens in the born, the reason surrendered inherited problems with the valves of the vessels. Varicocele occurs often completely asymptomatic and be done at a certain age, the patient may not know anything about it. In other cases it seems that dragging pain in the testicles, then the person who is forced to report symptoms to the doctor.
causes of varicose veins

At the location of the vessels share the following types of varicose veins:

  • The subcutaneous;
  • Intradermal;
  • Varicose veins in the large and small saphenous veins.


Reticular or cosmetic varicose veins is benign, it does not cause any complications and concerns of the usually young girls and women. It is characterized by the emergence of a visible vascular network, which usually occurs because of the hormonal changes, e.g. puberty.

Reticular varicose veins is not a serious danger, however, to review the appearance of the venous network, it is still needed, as is often the symptom that shows real pathology. It should also be noted that this cosmetic issue can also be exacerbated, with the veins becomes more pronounced and itchy in them.

Remove reticular varicose veins with surgery, laser or by injection with a special substance, this process is called foam sclerotherapy. In the initial stages of getting rid of a cosmetic defect with the help of exercises, massage and folk remedies, but it is better to immediately visit a doctor.


There are several reasons that may cause of varicose veins of the lower extremities:

  • If a person spends a lot of time in a standing position, especially in shoes with heels.
  • Women during pregnancy are more prone to varicose veins, as it greatly increases the load on the legs.
  • People with overweight and obesity often also suffer from varicose veins.
  • When wearing tight socks, you can compress veins.
  • Genetic predisposition may be the cause of the disease, in this case, the varicose veins appears already in childhood, when the body is exposed to the negative factors that cause.
  • Varicose disease of the lower limbs often becomes the companion of the people, who lead a sedentary lifestyle and working on the computer. When the legs are kept in a bent position, lack of movement, poor circulation.
  • If a person is constantly under stress, the blood vessels spazmiruyutsya, blood circulation occurs and varicose veins.
  • With the constant use of alcohol and tobacco also occurs vasospasm.
  • To provoke eruption of obstacles that do not allow blood to pass, it could be blood clots or tumors. In pregnant growing uterus can compress the blood vessels.
  • Hormonal changes, especially in women, is very often the cause of varicose veins of the lower extremities. In puberty, pregnancy and menopause hopping female sexual hormones dilate the blood vessels.

It is important to understand that almost all of the causes of varicose veins can be avoided to lead a good lifestyle, because they are primarily dependent on the patient. That is a genetic predisposition to fight hard, but this pathology is quite rare and it is possible to win, if you raise a child in a healthy atmosphere.


The disease usually occurs in several phases, which are accompanied by characteristic symptoms:

symptoms of varicose veins
  • At the first stage, the patient will not see any symptoms of varicose veins, but it bothers the pain pain in the legs, fatigue, swelling in the evenings. Usually symptoms occur after a stressful day, especially if the patient spends a lot of time on their feet. When walking in heels your legs will look less hardy. Many women note that a few years back, would spend hours walking in heels and now my feet are tired, for a few hours. All these signs say that there is a problem and should start the fight now.
  • In the next stage of the above symptoms are the added cramps that disturb especially at night, are associated with blood circulation and muscle spasms. Also start to appear all well known spider veins in this stage are pale and not very noticeable.
  • In the third stage is characterized by more severe pain, severe swelling. Your feet can swell up to such an extent that it becomes difficult to get in the old shoes, the patient is to pick up a new pair, because it seems to meter higher. Spider veins become live and appear distinctly hubs and the seals on the leg.
  • The fourth stage is the last, is characterized by severe pain, a clear violation of the blood circulation, the skin becomes pale and dry, and the veins protrude. If you accidentally damage the vein, until it locks into place, and the place where, the nodes form ulcers. The last stage of varicose veins can progress to severe complications, so hold on to it, that it is not necessary unambiguously.

For the prognosis of treatment was the most positive contact a doctor is necessary already with the onset of pain and unusual fatigue. In this case, the treatment of varicose veins will not be much time massage will help and a course of physiotherapy. But, if the disease has already entered the stage when it appeared vascular mesh, or nodes, treatment can take a long time, often requires surgical intervention.


Diagnosis and treatment of varicose veins the doctor who is a specialist in veins. Most often this is a doctor visit in cases where the pathology is obvious and the vascular mesh, which has already appeared on the skin, until then no one knows about it. It is in vain, as to visit a phlebologist a year is required for the following groups of patients:

  • Pregnant women more than 20 weeks, especially with a lot of body weight, and those in the family who has relatives with a similar diagnosis;
  • The people who work on their feet or sitting for long periods of time;
  • Women who spend a lot of time in shoes with high heels;
  • People with the sport on a regular basis, especially professional athletes and those who lift weights;
  • People with a lot of overweight;
  • People over 50, especially women.
  • People who regularly drink alcohol, smoke or use drugs;
  • People who have a genetic predisposition;
  • Patients who suffer from hormonal disorders;
  • People who like to eat greasy and spicy food;
  • Patients in whom the first symptoms of varicose veins, such as tired legs, swelling in the evenings, cramps.

Not only is it important to see your doctor regularly in the presence of at least one risk factor described above, but select qualified and experienced professionals. After all, vein disease is very specific and should be treated properly, so that would not have gone to the first doctor, it is necessary to verify the presence of the diploma and experience.

This is the best for the treatment of varicose veins of the clinics, which have repeatedly proven themselves. If possible, you should seek the opinion of the doctor and the clinic, ask around your friends and family members who have been able to seek help to a specialist. It is important to understand that timely diagnosis and treatment with an experienced expert will help not only to avoid fatal complications, but also to prevent cosmetic errors, without resorting to surgery.


When you visit a doctor in the first place, the patient will need to answer some questions, share your appeal, do not forget, hurt varicose veins related. Also on the important role played by the presence of various chronic diseases, patients often have to visit several experts.

A doctor can determine what style of life of the patient, or is involved in a sport where he is employed. You should be direct with a specialist, even if you admit something embarrassing, honest answers will help to determine the cause of the pathology and repair, so as not to aggravate the condition even more.

Signs of varicose veins are usually obvious, the doctor can immediately see the swelling, increase venous nodes can easily be felt on palpation. Therefore, to establish a preliminary diagnosis seems to be possible already at the first meeting with the competent doctor. To confirm the diagnosis and clarify the stage of the disease, will be reviewed. Usually assigned the following studies:


treatment workingo vein

All patients are usually interested in how to treat varicose veins, if the doctor diagnosis. To get rid of varicose veins in the initial phase, when the venous mesh, which are still mild, you can use conservative methods.


An important role in the treatment of varicose veins play of medication, which is called expert. It is important to understand that self-healing can be dangerous, therefore, to prescribe drugs yourself, it is impossible. The dose for each means, the doctor selects individually.

What medications are used for varicose veins:

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. These medications can relieve the inflammation of the vessel wall, to reduce the pain;
  • Preparations for improving blood circulation and normalizes vascular tone;
  • Tools that allow you to prevent the formation of blood clots.

External resources

External tools allow you to eliminate stagnant processes in the tissues and reduce the appearance of varicose veins in the initial phase. It is important to understand that creams and gels, which are ineffective in advanced forms of the disease.


Today there are several therapeutic methods that can get rid of a cosmetic defect in the initial stage of the disease:

  • Laser therapy. A special apparatus effect on the venous network, heating them and causing them to reduction.
  • Hydrotherapy. If such a procedure on the skin of water of different temperatures, causing the vessel to expand and contract, they become more elastic and return to their previous state.
  • Compression underwear. This method is more suitable for the prevention as well as for the treatment of the specific effect it gives, but can be used in combination therapy. Wear socks, you need people, who are prone to varicose veins, such as pregnant women and older women.
  • Massage helps to restore circulation, it is especially effective in the early stages of the disease.

In complex forms prescribed surgical treatment of varicose veins in the legs, which is performed when an operation to restore circulation. If necessary, remove blood clots and inflamed vessels, and replaced them with dentures.