Varicose veins: symptoms and treatment.

Good day, readers! Varicose veins — a disease of the unpleasant, ugly and dangerous. In the later stages of possible complications, which may lead to tragic consequences, that you will write about it in this article. Also read about what are the symptoms of varicose veins and how to treat them.

In healthy veins, in the blood rises to the heart. And that would not flow down under the force of gravity in the veins the valves do not allow her to do so. Varicose veins causing valve insufficiency and the valves can no longer restrict the flow of blood. What can be the stagnation of the blood, blood clots, blood vessels lose their elasticity, expand, occur venous the node.

Varicose veins: causes.

varicose veins on the legs

Varicose veins, and is twice as common in women as in men. This happens for several reasons: hormonal contraceptives, frequent wearing of heels, the hormonal changes in puberty, pregnancy, menopause.

The main reasons for development of varicose veins include:

  1. Genetic predisposition. Many people with varicose veins have a genetic predisposition to weak vessels, defective venous valves. In this case, the varicose veins can develop without the additional reasons young, healthy people. The main prevention of varicose veins for people, moderate physical activity. Very well strengthens blood vessels, swimming, athletics and definitely need to eat correctly. Oily, junk food, low in fiber, it will only aggravate the condition of the blood vessels.
  2. A little bit of physical activity or standing work. If a person who works in the office most of the time sitting or, on the contrary, many are forced to stand, such people are at risk of developing varicose veins. When sedentary work is required regularly to warm up, at least a little walking. Domestic work, on a weekend visit to the swimming pool and fitness.
  3. Weight. If a person has excess weight, the load on the blood vessels increases, which can develop varicose veins. From my experience working with people who lose weight, more than 70% are varicose veins on the legs.
  4. Of hormonal changes. This is what I mentioned above. Many women have varicose veins that occur during pregnancy, especially in the later stages, when the blood circulation in the lower limbs, has been disrupted due to the fact that the baby presses on the pelvic organs. In some cases, varicose veins disappear after childbirth yourself, if was in its initial stages.
  5. Age. With age, blood vessel walls become thinner, which means that varicose veins and high blood pressure.
  6. Unhealthy way of life. This can be attributed to Smoking, which is bad for all vessels in the body, alcohol disrupts the metabolism, unhealthy, fatty, high-calorie food leads to atherosclerosis, thrombosis, high blood pressure, excess weight and varicose veins.
  7. The reception of hormonal contraceptive means.
  8. Leg injuries.

Varicose veins of the lower extremities: the symptoms and signs

In the initial stages of the development of varicose veins of the person, the experience, the feeling of weight in the legs, near the ankles and calf edema (especially in the evening), the legs quickly got tired and sore.

A lot of people at this stage think it's all due to exhaustion, unaware of the onset of the disease.

Later on the legs, spider veins. The veins may bulge, the feet are palpated seal, which indicates a stagnation of blood in the veins.

Another symptom of varicose veins is leg cramping, which often occurs at night.

You can also feel a burning sensation in the feet, feet getting hot.

The most obvious symptom is enlarged, thick veins that are visible through the skin, dark spots, nodules on the legs.

In later stages the leg, can occur trophic ulcers, the skin becomes darker in color.

treatment of varicose veins

Important! Varicose veins will not pass by itself. The disease will progress, if you will not take any action. Upon detection of the first symptoms should consult a doctor so he can prescribe the appropriate treatment.

Running varicose veins will have a number of symptoms and will be more pronounced. In later stages the wound can become gangrene, leading to amputation. Also varices are dangerous because of the leg form blood clots, which can break off and clog vessels, which will lead to death.

The prevention of varicose veins because of him.

If you have a genetic predisposition to varicose veins or You have to work hard, a lot of standing, or vice versa, to move a little, it is necessary to follow the rules written below.

  • Women must choose the right shoes. Shoes should not be too narrow, and should not be high heels for everyday wear.
  • Wear compression underwear.
  • Long sitting in one place, try, regularly, to warm up, to change body position, regardless of the exercises.
  • Well take a contrast shower.
  • You need to quit Smoking to improve the condition of all the vessels in the body.
  • Do regular exercises, summer ride a bike, go to the pool, more walking.

Varicose veins: treatment

Varicose veins are treated with a variety of ways:

  • conservative treatment
  • sclerotherapy
  • laser treatment
  • surgery

Plus, these methods have to be added to a balanced diet, physiotherapy, therapeutic gymnastics.

Conservative treatment.

Conservative treatment is assigned in the initial stage of the disease. The most commonly prescribed medications for the veins. Their main effect is to increase the smooth muscles in the vessel walls. Blood circulation is improved, the vessels become more elastic.

Do not forget that varicose veins can sunbathe, relax in the steam room and take hot baths.

Sclerotherapy

If the vein is not a strong advocate, this method can be used in addition to the tablets and ointment. Its essence is that in a vein in the leg with a syringe injected a special drug that blocks the vein. The walls of the veins stick together, blood is not circulating. Only need up to 6 sessions of sclerotherapy at Vienna, has completely disappeared.

After this procedure, the leg is wrapped. To make the effect better need to wear compression socks. The advantage of this technique is that the feet are free of scars, and veins "go". Do this procedure under General anesthesia. There are contraindications for sclerotherapy.

Laser treatment of varicose veins

Use this method to achieve the cosmetic effect veins removal. Laser flash respects the vein wall and the vein disappears from sight. This method is effective but expensive.

Vein removal after surgery

Such operations, in cases when conservative treatment does not give results because the disease is quite a run. In this case, the physician removes the diseased veins, the blood begins to circulate through the healthy veins.

Traditional treatment of varicose veins on the legs

One of the most effective folk methods of treatment of varicose veins is a tincture Kalanchoe. To make a tincture wash the leaves of Kalanchoe and put in a glass with a volume of 1 l. Fill a glass of Kalanchoe half. These sheets fill with 70% alcohol, close the lid and put in a dark place. Steep for two weeks. This tincture lubricate your feet every day before going to bed. Remember before use, shake the tincture. Quickly eliminates the pain. Duration of use depends on the degree of disease can be several months.

the prevention of varicose veins

A tincture of the flowers of horse chestnut. Take 50 grams. flowers, pour 0, 5 liters of alcohol, and allow to steep for two weeks. Daily shake the contents of the can (or bottle). Strain the finished tincture and consume inside of 1 tablespoon 3 times a day before meals. The course of treatment — 1 week, then you need to take a break. If necessary, repeat no sooner than 2 weeks.

Herbal infusion of the nettle. Dry nettle leaves (50 gr.) pour 0.5 liters of boiling water. Better to do it in the thermos. Allow to stand for about 30 minutes, strain and drink three times a day, one hour after the meal. One reception drink about 70 ounces of tincture.

A poultice of potatoes. A few raw potatoes, grate and spread it mashed his feet. Tie, which is easy to walk. Keep the feet approximately 4 hours, after this time, the pain should go.

Write in the comments how You treat varicose veins and what methods can best help you.