Varicose veins: treatment

Varicose veins – a disease associated with disruption of blood flow from the peripheral veins, accompanied by their increase, so as to change the shape and reduces the elasticity of the walls.

Most often the disease affects the veins of lower limbs varicose veins in men is rarer than women. In connection with the expansion of the blood vessels reduces blood flow, which leads to the formation of blood clots (thrombosis). The skin does not receive the proper nutrition and there are trophic ulcers.

Stages in the development of the disease

varicose veins

In the development of the disease there are four stages, which are characterized by certain symptoms.

  • varicose veins the first stage is free of pain and other unattractive manifestations. There are minor swelling and leg fatigue at the end of the day. Occur on the skin vascular "stars" and the dreamy pattern of the veins. But it probably can be attributed to the cosmetic faults, as to serious medical problems.
  • the second stage leads to edema of the legs, which is not so easy to ignore. The feeling of weight in lower extremities increases and becomes more noticeable towards the evening. Night patients report cramping of the calf muscles, numbness, a "tingling sensation", tingling.
  • in the third stage, the edema become more visible, subcutaneous tissue thickens, the itching and the feeling of fullness. On the surface of the skin, arise spots, dermatitis is manifested.
  • in the fourth stage of the trophic ulcers.

Caring for your health, everyone noticed, at least minor symptoms of the disease, needs to come to the hospital. A physician having thoroughly studied the state of the patient, will prescribe the necessary tests.

Ultrasound will provide a complete picture of the situation on the basis of which, the chosen method of dealing with the disease: surgery, medication, physical therapy, laser treatment.

Causes of varicose veins

The appearance of varicose veins is before factors, being aware of the fact that, for the prevention of disease. So, the expansion of blood vessels occurs in the following circumstances:

  • being overweight, which places the accent on lower limbs
  • lifting weights
  • a sedentary lifestyle and/or work that requires a permanent stay in a standing position. Long hours of standing creates unnecessary tension in the legs, causing cramps in the muscles, preventing the blood flow from the bottom up.
  • the hormonal fluctuations in the body after childbirth, in menopause, oral contraceptives
  • varicose veins in pregnancy is characterized by increased pressure in the pelvic and abdominal cavities. Result: the blood from the lower limbs, which goes to the heart very slowly and stagnates in the veins.
  • wearing tight clothing, which pulls the blood vessels and hinder normal blood flow
  • Smoking and the habit, to sit with your foot on the leg
  • genetic predisposition.

The major complications of varicose veins

causes of varicose veins

Varicose veins dangerous for its complications, neglected diseases, which changes the quality of life for the patient and leads him in a hospital bed. Complications of the disease occur when inadequate treatment and are expressed as follows:

  • chronic venous insufficiency, which is characterized by impeded outflow of venous blood. The valve system is not doing its work, gradually in the affected area are covered in the upper parts of the veins. In this case, it is necessary to exclude the diseased vein from circulation and have to resort to surgery.
  • when there is inflammation of the vein wall occurs to a blood clot, which closes the lumen in the vein. In this case, the development of thrombophlebitis affects mainly the superficial veins.
  • the absence of proper treatment of thrombophlebitis leads to the fact that the disease affects the deep veins. Every fifth patient is at risk to gain long-term healing of the wound, which grows in trophic ulcers.
  • in the removal of a thrombus from the venous walls with eventual obstruction of the trunk of the pulmonary artery, leading to acute heart failure. Such a scenario of the development of the disease it is not always possible to predict fatal outcome in such cases is observed in the third part of the patients. To prevent complications of varicose veins each of us noticed the symptoms of the disease, an urgent need to take action and start treatment.

Prevention

For disease prevention is easier than cure – it is usually necessary to remember always, so disease prevention is an important component. When is a genetic predisposition to varicose veins should be a special attention to your health.

First of all, to get rid of bad habits and follow the recommendations listed below. Need to include in your diet foods rich in vitamins, will not only prevent varicose veins, but also improve the whole body.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E from sprouted wheat grains, legumes, lettuce, vegetable oil, egg yolk, strengthen the walls of blood vessels and improve their elasticity. These same properties, the vitamin C (rose hips, peppers, citrus fruits, black currants, blueberries) and vitamin e (green tea, nuts). Contribute to the resorption of blood clots bioflavonoids, present in the dark varieties of sweet cherries.

Copper

The synthesis of elastin in the body to ensure the products that contain copper. These include the seafood: mussels, prawns, squid. Maintaining body weight to normal reduces the risk of varicose veins, the sweet, greasy food contributes to obesity and should be excluded from the diet.

Effective methods of treatment of varicose veins, which of their regular observance, are as follows:

  1. Do not overload the legs during the day too, for standing work, choose a few minutes to relax. The ideal option is to lie down for 15-20 minutes with elevation of the legs above heart level a few inches.
  2. If the work includes a long stay in one position or sitting, the exercises carried out standing up, will increase the speed of blood flow through the veins. In any case, rotate the feet in different directions. The well-known "birch" relieves tired legs and helps blood flow.
  3. Try not to lift and carry heavy loads
  4. To prevent varicose veins on the legs, will be useful to acquire the habit of every day to do massage of the legs under cold running water
  5. Not to visit the bath and sauna area, which exceed the
  6. Nutrition in disease plays an important role in the control of body weight should become a habit.

Massage

Good results in the prevention of disease can be achieved with the help of Tibetan massage. At the clinic where you can get a full rehabilitation course in Moscow. After the massage disappear and muscle spasms, the elasticity of the arteries is restored, thereby eliminating the stagnant blood in the veins.

Prophylactic uses in Tibetan medicine is actively used cupping massage, which improves blood flow. Restore the tone of the venous vessels and the elasticity of the walls to get back to normal.

The risk of varicose veins on the legs is reduced, if preventive measures enough to pay attention and perform the massage at least two times a year.

Medicines

treatment of varicose veins

Treatment of varicose veins is conservative treatment or surgery, the choice of method is dependent on the degree of disease and presence of complications. The elimination of the disease without surgery includes: medication, physical therapy, compression garments. The strengthening of the venous walls is the main goal, which is possible when prescribing.

Sclerotherapy

Sclerotherapy has become established as one of the most effective methods in the treatment of varicose veins. Injections for varicose veins special agent destroys the inner layer of the vein. After some time the adhesion and resorption, and the traffic goes to healthy veins .

This treatment involves a course consists of 3-6 sessions for each of the sore feet, the result is visible after 2-7 weeks. The patient should be ready to unpleasant sensations in the form of pain and tingling.

Soon will be sick and the veins disappear fully. The drug and its dose is selected taking into account all the individual characteristics of the patient, so the side effects and complications are minimal. Professional conduct of the proceedings give a chance for full recovery.

Laser treatment

One of the more gentle mode of operation only by trained medical staff. When intravascular laser coagulation the doctor with the ultrasound scanner is introduced into the vein fiber.

The whole process is carefully controlled device, the optical fiber is approaching the site where the vein empties into the venous system. Under the influence of laser plasma boils, and the diseased vein is closed and no longer participates in the venous circulation.

Wormwood

Fresh herbs of wormwood grind in a mortar and mix a tablespoon with the same amount of sour cream. The mixture was put on the diseased veins and cover with a bandage in several layers of gauze. Keep the compress 1,5-2 hours. The process is repeated for 5 days, take a break for 2-3 days and repeat the course

Kalanchoe

Leaves of Kalanchoe, rinse and leave to dry completely on a paper towel. Then finely chop and fill with the mixture a half-liter jar. Alcohol to fill the jar up to the top and insist in a dark place for 7 days, from time to time stirring the contents. Consequently, the solution to strain and is used for the lubrication of veins in 2-4 months

Apple cider vinegar

Apple cider vinegar drink twice a day, after dissolving 2 teaspoons in a glass of water. RUB Apple cider vinegar undiluted patients veins, in the morning and in the evening. After one month of treatment will be compression of blood vessels, which have been modest.

Cream

On the one hand of grated white garlic, add two pieces of butter. The cream is put in a compress for the affected vessels, cover it with parchment paper to fix a bandage and leave over night. Rinse in the morning, wrap the leg elastic bean. Repeat procedure within one month every day.

Garlic

To speed up and fix the result will help garlic if you use it inside. If you want to do this, mix 250 g of crushed cloves with 350 g of honey, to insist for five days. Treatment: one tablespoon three times a day half hour before meals. One course of treatment consumed three meals

Tomatoes

Sliced fresh tomatoes, apply to the sick veins and not tight, that is fixed with a bandage. Compress to four hours, then remove the bandages and legs washed with water. The course lasts 15 days, break for 10 days and repeat. Treatment with tomato gets rid of the knots.

Folk remedies

Herbal therapy can be combined with other methods of treatment, the effect will come faster. Reduces the permeability and fragility of capillaries, increases the elasticity of the venous walls and improves the nutrition of tissue, it is known from folk medicine, bee product, like honey.

The effectiveness of honey in the treatment of varicose veins seen in conjunction with medicinal herbs. For example, 50 g of willow bark to brew 200 ml of boiling water and simmer for 20 minutes. After straining the solution was added 50 g of honey and cool to lukewarm (38*). Daily compresses for 15-20 days.

Apitherapy for the treatment of varicose veins is quite a long time, but require medical advice. Bee products are not subject to examination in the laboratory, are unique and to get them requires the apiary. Bees in the treatment give a long lasting effect, if you want to combine apitherapy with traditional methods of treatment.

the prevention of varicose veins

Thins the blood, prevents blood clots, improves the blood circulation in the veins of hirudotherapy. Treatment with leeches, which is available for everyone, but doing it yourself is not recommended. Session must be completed by a qualified doctor.

The saliva of leeches contains more than 100 biologically active element, through which normalizes blood pressure, is purified lymph nodes, soothes inflammation.

Treatment of varicose veins will be effective if a comprehensive approach. Along with folk remedies, it is advisable to use treatment with medications. This will help avoid complications and prevent the surgical procedure.

If the operation is inevitable, then after the operation the patient should be in accordance with all the doctor's orders. It is not uncommon for post-operational rehabilitation involves travel in the sanatorium.

Under the careful supervision of medical staff, the patient can go back to regular life. Treatments like homeopathy and mud treatment has a positive impact on the well-being of the patient and allow you to forget about the disease for several years.