Reticular varicose veins of the lower extremities treatment

Causes of reticular veins, as usual, it is not yet established, but the scientists stress hereditary predisposition. Due to genetic characteristics of the organism is formed, does not stretch the vessel wall.

Negative factors are an additional burden for the weak veins of the lower extremities. The blood flow is impaired, the static pressure on the blood vessels increases, it stretches.

reticular varices

In the extended Vienna accumulates more blood and pathological ring is closed. It seems the external symptoms of the disease.

The main factors that contribute to the development of reticular veins of the extremities include:

  • static work in a forced position – sitting or standing;
  • wearing high heel shoes.
  • heavy physical work;
  • hormonal disease;
  • pregnancy;
  • the uncontrolled use of hormonal drugs;
  • a sharp increase in body weight;
  • hard sport;
  • frequent injury to your feet.

Reasons

The wrong way of life, which comes down to an unbalanced diet, a sedentary mode, the excessive passion for power sports exercises for the shoulder girdle and legs, evoking the appearance of the signs of varicose diseases.

Varices reticular type has a hereditary etiology and is most often transmitted to children from parents. It is not a disease in itself, and the structure of the blood vessels, so that in the future causes varicose.

To change the structure of the blood vessels can also, not only inherited genes, but other factors. These include:

  • bad habits, Smoking, and alcohol abuse;
  • violated the metabolism;
  • acquired diseases of the veins and heart;
  • hepatitis, cirrhosis;
  • menopause;
  • hormonal therapy;
  • improper diet;
  • overweight;
  • excessive physical activity.

In addition, varicose veins of this type are exposed to people whose work or activity that is related to constantly stay on the feet.

The main prerequisites for the appearance of spider veins – low production of substances such as elastin and collagen, which violates the tone of the veins and their valves. Due to the lack of such important components of the skin and tissues lose their elasticity and dehydrated.

Often the pathology is caused by inherited deficiencies in the body or genetic morphology of the blood vessels tend to expand.

What is this, reticular varicose veins of the lower extremities? This is a mild form of the extension where the legs formed a network of veins is blue. From this cosmetic problem affects mostly women, which is much less than men. Also varicose veins is called as a cosmetic discomfort, which produces a complex about the look.

According to statistics, 95% of the patients were women. It would be logical to conclude that the disease-causing reasons may relate to the physiology of women or his way of life.

However, this is completely the exact reasons doctors do not call, but point to factors that can cause reticular varices:

  • hormonal changes: pregnancy, childbirth, breastfeeding, menopause, endocrine disorders;
  • hormonal contraceptives;
  • heredity, after all, the peculiarities of parents are often passed on to their children;
  • constantly wearing uncomfortable shoes with high heels, poorly fitting pants;
  • long stay on the feet;
  • overweight;
  • lack of physical activity;
  • lifting weights;
  • elevated blood pressure;
  • frequent leg injuries.

To explain these changes may be such reasons: pregnancy or if you are using hormonal drugs. Appears this type of varicose veins in different ways, from one hair to coarse bright formations that rise above the skin.

Reticular type of disease mostly develops in people with a genetic predisposition. Man of the parents suffer from varicose veins and the structure of the arteries, which predisposes to varicose veins.

Other causes are:

  • Smoking;
  • Venous-arterial fistula that contribute to the proliferation of blood vessels;
  • Arterial hypertension;
  • Diseases of the liver (cirrhosis, hepatitis);
  • On metabolic disorders;
  • Improper diet;
  • Menopause;
  • Treatment;
  • Obesity;
  • Large loads during sports;
  • Professional activities associated with the frequent and longer stay on the feet.

Causes of reticular vessels on the body similar to varicose veins.

The main causes and risk factors:

  • The use of hormonal drugs;
  • Genetic predisposition;
  • Pregnancy and childbirth;
  • Weight;
  • Diseases of the skin;
  • Damage to the extremities;
  • Hard physical work and constant exercise in the athletes;
  • Solar radiation;
  • Office sitting work.

The main reasons for the formation of reticular veins is a hereditary factor. Disorders of the venous system are inherited, and therefore at risk are children, whose parents were the impact of chronic diseases of the veins and blood vessels.

The other important factor for the emergence of spider veins on the legs is pregnancy and childbirth. Weight gain during pregnancy and a shift in the hormonal level can lead to the development of reticular varicose veins and veins.

How dangerous is this type of varicose veins?

It is considered that the reticular varicose veins and normal veins is different (independent) types of chronic venous disease. However, it should be noted that in most cases the progression of the reticular veins becomes a cause of more serious illness from the venous system.

Well-known examples of the occurrence of varicose veins and telangiectasia (spider veins) at the same time.

causes of varicose veins

In this regard, doctors recommend for getting rid of these cosmetic defects in the early stages of development, thus preventing the development of varicose veins and other venous diseases.

The reasons for this situation may be a little. Genetic predisposition (weak vessel walls), and an unhealthy lifestyle (heavy physical work, poor nutrition, excess weight), the use of hormonal contraceptives.

The development of varicose veins reticular type contributes to the genetic predisposition. Inherited not the disease itself, and the anatomical features of the veins contribute to their enlargement. For precipitating factors, which include:

  • Smoking;
  • venous-arterial fistula, which leads to the deformation of the blood vessels;
  • elevated blood pressure;
  • liver disease (hepatitis, cirrhosis);
  • metabolic disorders;
  • improper diet;
  • enter in the menopause;
  • long-term use of hormonal methods;
  • overweight;
  • high loads during long walks and sports activities.

The defeat of the small vessels is often seen during pregnancy due to hormonal changes and increased stress on the legs.

Reticular varicose veins of the lower extremities is familiar to many ladies. The reason for this are the overly sensitive blood vessels to the sex hormones.

In and of themselves are very thin and large. Under the influence of sexual hormones, their walls become less elastic and lose their tone.

Due to these processes and taking into account the daily physical activity of the vessels, which dilate, which appear on the skin as a blue mesh. The worsening of the pathology can cause disruptions in the hormonal system (pregnancy, menstruation, puberty).

Also among the causes of reticular veins, experts note the following:

  • genetic predisposition;
  • a sedentary lifestyle;
  • excess body weight;
  • irrational nutrition;
  • excessive physical activity.

The causes of this cosmetic error can also be caused by occupational hazards. The disease is most common during the year, visitors, vendors, and teachers — people who spend a lot of time on their feet.

Peculiarities of course and treatment in pregnant women

Women venous system often suffers when the load on the body became a "interesting position". The quantity of blood which circulates through the body of pregnant women become higher by around 30 percent.

Growing uterus compressed the blood vessels in the pelvis, making it difficult for the normal process of venous outflow, which can lead to varicose veins. It is therefore important preventive measures to avoid similar.

Vasodilation brings a pregnant woman a lot of inconvenience. The woman has swollen feet and blue, is the constant pain and sense of weight.

The risk for pathology in the next stage, a high, but most of the standard therapeutic techniques can not be used. The task of the doctor to select the safest and most effective medications.

Woman recommend regular Walking, wearing compression socks, the pursuit of simple exercises.

The first signs of the disease

The main symptom of reticular veins — emerges through the skin on the legs vascular pattern crimson color. Often venous network is located on the outer thighs and lower leg. It consists of spider veins, soft lines. In addition, she is a woman, which can disrupt the and other manifestations of the disease:

  • an uncomfortable feeling in the legs, worse in the evening hours;
  • severe swelling;
  • twitching in the legs at night.

Reticular varices, a photograph of which is presented below, may be accompanied by subcutaneous hemorrhages and severe itching. Depending on the severity of the pathological process, a typical pattern that is present in the form of weakly distinguishable elements or distributes over a wide area of the lower extremities. The venous capillaries, as a rule, sufficiently dense and felt good.

Symptoms

The main manifestation of the reticular veins is the occurrence of veins of small blood vessels. However, there are additional symptoms, such as:

  • soon fatigue;
  • pain at the site of the extension;
  • itching, tingling, swelling;
  • seizures at night;
  • the feeling of "chills and cold";
  • the tension in the legs.

All stages of the varicose disease is more common reticular varices. Causes no serious complications and leaves no pain, but it requires a treatment as in a dilapidated condition becomes chronic, changes in serious disease.

Signs of reticular veins:

  • On the thighs and below the knee occur in clusters of vessels-even the blue and red colours, different sizes and brightness;
  • Feeling of heat in the legs;
  • Bleeding in the areas of "veins" and "stars";
  • Swelling;
  • Cramps after physical exertion or at night;
  • Weight in the legs;
  • Local itching;
  • The tension in the legs.

Pathology is manifested with the expansion of the thinner wall. Diameter is subjected to the transformation of the veins 1 to 3 mm.

Veins of smaller size, which are usually discovered in the upper layers of the skin. Their expansion leads to the formation of telangiectasias.

Because the causes of varicose transformation of the vessels of both skin layers is similar, often reticular varices and telangiectasias develop at the same time.

The most common variant of the disease – reticular varicose veins of the lower extremities. Depending on the clinical manifestations are some differences from varicose veins.

For her more common symptoms of venous stasis associated with prolonged standing in the upright position. With the progression of varicose veins of the lower extremities appear trophic disorders, and an increased risk for thrombosis and the development of thrombophlebitis.

For reticular veins are symptoms of venous insufficiency are rare.

treatment of varicose veins

When the disease on the skin of the hips, knees, and shins seems the blue and the red-pink dots, which is a network of bleeding. Ate finger pressure on this place, on the other, the mesh disappears and re-appears.

These external signs, which accompany the other symptoms:

  • burning and itching;
  • weight and tension in the legs,
  • swelling in the lower legs in the evening;
  • cramps of the calf muscles during increased physical load, or lifting weights, especially at night.

With early varicose veins, increased fatigue of the legs. Sometimes even with a short walk the man begins to feel discomfort and fatigue.

A dangerous feature of reticular veins is that, as a rule, is not accompanied by pain syndrome. Because these people, for a long time, not allowed to see a doctor, as the disease becomes chronic.

Signs of the disease are mainly the outward manifestation. Strong pain is not observed. Reticular varicose veins of the feet is manifested as spider veins, red or blue in the hips or knees cups. On the affected area and the severity of the spider veins, they can be different.

Symptoms:

  • heaviness and slight pain in the legs;
  • swelling of the legs and ankles;
  • muscle cramps in calves;
  • the regular occurrence of itching in the area of the leg and foot.

Increase in the intensity of the symptoms appear after a long stay on your feet and the high physical load.

If your symptoms purchase stronger, their intensity is greater, and the veins form a node, then a pathological process has moved into the next phase and the treatment will be more difficult.