Varicose veins: treatment and prognosis

Varicose veins of the lower extremities in extension of the surface veins in the legs, which is coupled with impaired blood flow and valves.

varicose veins on the legs

In women varicose veins on the legs is distributed more often than men, which is associated with hormonal changes during puberty, pregnancy, lactation and menopause. The difference between male and female varicose veins in localization, especially in the crotch area.

Causes

Varicose veins of the lower extremities about 15% of cases appears as a result of a predisposition to the disease. In other cases, the disease, which is caused by excessive pressure on the veins. Factors associated with the development of the disease, which include:

  1. a sedentary lifestyle without the normal muscular activity;
  2. age over 40 years,
  3. work in a sitting position;
  4. pregnancy (coupled with varicose veins in the legs may develop varicose veins of small pelvis, labia, etc);
  5. the use of hormonal drugs, including contraceptives;
  6. high cholesterol levels;
  7. weight above normal;
  8. flat feet;
  9. diseases of the spine;
  10. the abuse of Smoking and alcohol;
  11. misuse of the sauna and the Solarium;
  12. continued taking hot baths;
  13. constantly lifting heavy objects;
  14. too tight clothes;

There is also a secondary varicose veins, which appears in the background dried, thrombosis or thrombophlebitis and also due to congenital abnormalities, such as dysplasia or arterio-venous fistula. Very rarely is congenital obstruction of the veins leading to secondary varicose veins.

This video contains useful information on the question of the causes of varicose veins in women:

Symptoms

Varicose veins is manifested even at an early stage and to monitor such symptoms:

  1. a lot of weight in the lower limbs;
  2. dilated veins, from the node to large conglomerates;
  3. the feeling of tiredness in the legs;
  4. seizures, worse in the position, the more lies;
  5. pain, and an arching nature.
  6. burning sensation;
  7. edema, particularly pronounced in the area of the foot, ankle and lower leg;

It should be noted that the symptoms are intensified in the evening.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis can also be implemented in the first call to the doctor, because the dilated blood vessels are clearly visible. However, to confirm the diagnosis and check for complications, appoint additional research:

  • Blood a General nature. Red blood cells, which shows the thickening of the blood, of leukocytes — the presence of thrombosis, and platelet count — disease of blood clotting.
  • An ultrasound of the leg. Certificate, varicose veins, shows its translations.
  • Rheovasography. Determines the stage of the disease.
  • Venography. If previous studies have not helped to confirm the varicose veins intravenously inject the contrast agent to assess the status of the venous system.

You can also assign additional research and consultation with a phlebologists. Then we talked about what to do and how to treat varicose veins on the legs in women and men.

Treatment

causes of varicose veins

Therapeutic

Therapeutic treatment is performed in conjunction with surgery, or if:

  • the patient with chronic venous insufficiency, preparations for the operation;
  • operation postponed for an indefinite period of time;
  • rehabilitation after surgical treatment;

Therapeutic methods aimed at the maximum preservation of the health of a patient, eliminates the signs of disease and prevent its recurrence. Methods include compression and treatment with medications.

Compression therapy is the wearing of elastic bandages, compression stockings and bandage. So the pressure of the compression therapy helps:

  1. to reduce the diameter of the blood vessels;
  2. increase lymphatic drainage;
  3. for increasing the flow of blood in the veins.

Drug

Drug therapy aims to increase venous tone, decrease capillary permeability, improve microcirculation and stop the inflammation.

And then talk about surgery to remove varicose veins on the legs, on which there is a lot of positive feedback.

Surgical

Surgical treatment is the most effective. There are several procedures to get rid of varicose veins. The previously used open surgery which is now performed less often, as it is often complicated and difficult for patients to tolerate. Most in demand:

  • Phlebectomy. The lower limbs do the holes, after which the affected area is removed. When these operations are carried out by a video camera that sends the image to the screen.
  • Sclerotherapy. The operation requires the introduction of the drug, sticky walls with disappearance of veins. Particularly effective for vascular surgery veins and reticular varicose veins.
  • Laser removing. The most popular method of treatment because it is inexpensive and without complications, can be treated and varicose veins, and trophic ulcers. The vein wall is heated by the laser, and then they dissolve.
  • Radio-frequency obliteration. The method is safe, simple and accompanied by a rehabilitation period. The operation includes heating the probe from the metal to microwave radiation. The heated probe destroys the inner lining in the vein.

The operation must be selected with the treating doctor to avoid potential complications.

How to get rid of varicose veins in the legs and in General, if this is possible with treatment folk remedies, read on.

About sclerotherapy as a treatment method of varicose veins of the lower extremities tells the doctor the following video:

Or it is possible treatment of folk remedies

Completely cure varicose veins folk remedies impossible. All the folk remedies, which are designed to reduce blood clotting and improve microcirculation, that special effect on varicose.

However, the folk remedies that can help relieve the symptoms of the disease, so that it can be used in conjunction with traditional remedies prescribed by the doctor.

Home

treatment of varicose veins

Treatment of varicose veins at home in accordance with doctor's recommendation. At the initial stages of varicose veins can really be cured without surgery and with medicines, physiotherapy and compression therapy. It is useful to visit the massage and in accordance with the preventive measures.

And now it is time to talk about the prevention of varicose veins in the legs.

Disease prevention

To completely prevent the appearance of varicose veins impossible, however, to reduce the possibility that his appearance really with the help of preventive measures:

  • ditch unhealthy habits;
  • do not abuse alcohol;
  • exercise physiotherapy;
  • visit the massage if possible;
  • avoid heavy loads on the veins;

Also, if there is high load on the veins, should wear compression socks, visit a doctor and take drugs.

Complications

The wrong treatment of varicose veins leads to complications. So, approximately 22% of the cases is the appearance of trophic ulcers, and 25% — thrombosis. If the varicose veins do not endanger the patient's life, its complications require urgent treatment.

Complications of varicose veins include:

  • Thrombophlebitis. You can develop into a thrombosis.
  • Trophic ulcers. Without treatment, the causes, the ulcers do not heal and constantly repeated, bringing with it unbearable pain.
  • Thromboembolism. Without treatment develops into heart or respiratory failure, and leads to death in half of the cases.

You may also notice the individual symptoms such as severe pain and General poor health.

Forecast

The prognosis for treatment is very affordable. More than 80% of patients fully recover health by proper and timely treatment of the disease. In the secondary and complicated varicose veins effectiveness is reduced in about half of the patients.