The causes and symptoms of varicose veins of the lower extremities

Varicose veins, in which many nodes to cover the area of the leg, it is not a mere aesthetic defect, but also to a serious pathological condition. Ignoring the first symptoms of varicose veins, one finds rather quickly that the feeling of discomfort of the diseases. Over a period of time, the signals will become only more obvious as of late introduced the preventive measures do not bring relief. If it is the first manifestation of the pathology can be addressed by a conservative, and in the later stages, they often have to resort to surgery.

The definition and characteristics of the development of the

varicose veins

Under varicose veins of the lower limbs, which indicates a sustainable change in the width of these formations, caused by the violation of the process of the movement of the blood due to improper functioning of venous valves. Simply put, this is a visually perceptible bulging of the veins over the surface of the skin of the feet, as a result of the stretching of the wall and filling the cavity with blood. This may be the result of gene specific construction type of the vessel), or be under the influence of the external factors that lead to deterioration of the valve of the apparatus.

According to statistics, varicose veins are of varying degrees of severity occurs in 15% of the world's population. People over the age of 70 years of age, the disease occurs in 70% of cases. Women are more prone to the pathology than do men, due to the peculiarities of the structure of the body. They have the symptoms of the condition are seen 5 times more often. If the disease is detected early, then it can be successfully fought. The liquid phase, which is often passed on to thrombophlebitis (inflammation of vein walls and blockage of their lumen of blood clots, which are treated primarily by surgery.

The stage of the disease and is characterized by symptoms,

With the development of varicose veins usually affect the superficial veins of the legs, and the deeply situated vessels in the pathological process involved, it is very rare. The disease can take up to a decade, making a significant change in the patient's condition.

Or, we are talking about the development of varicose veins, characterized by the following symptoms:

  • The look of burden in the lower extremities, on the basis of the requirements.
  • The skin on your feet are shaped, spider veins, dilated capillaries, is presented.
  • These seem to be "bursting" from the inside out.
  • Marked tenderness in the tissues of the extremities, an uncomfortable burning sensation.
  • Eventually, they join in with the night falling, a chronic swelling of the legs and to the shins.
  • Varicose veins, which is visible to the naked eye. The design of twist, and bulging above the surface of the skin, the veins, the great vein of the node.
  • A sharp pain in the foot even after a short walk.
  • The appearance of age spots, or a General cyanosis of the skin.

These symptoms of varicose veins are very pronounced in hot weather, in the evening, even if your feet do not come a serious burden. The same, the change in the coloration of tissues indicates the process of transition into the chronic stage. The lack of a hearing in this case is replete with venous ulcers.

The pathology consists of the following steps:

  1. In the initial phase (the refund period), it is the first characteristic of the signs of varicose veins in the form of spider veins. Appeal no.
  2. In the second stage can be recognized by the appearance of the visible dilated veins on the background of swelling of the legs, and on a periodic basis the night of the burn.
  3. In the third stage (the period of decompensation) is characterised by a greater severity of symptoms. The skin of the poor, emerging, night cramps, muscle "bang", the legs tired quickly.
  4. The fourth stage (decompensation) can be identified by a pronounced and persistent swelling, acute pain and itching in the tissues of a regular epileptic seizures, a strong change in the width of the blood vessels. Can be signs of trophic ulcers and thrombophlebitis.

The gradual progression of the varicose veins not only brings a lot of frustrating moments, and the changes to the traditional way of life, but it is dangerous and could have serious consequences. When it comes to the thrombosis, the risk is detachment of a blood clot with subsequent blockage of the lumen of the pulmonary artery. The violation of the integrity of swollen blood vessels accompanied by a profuse hemorrhage, that can not be stopped without professional help.

Primary and secondary causes of the pathology

varicose veins in the legs

The first signs of varicose veins are the result of a reduction in elasticity of the vessel walls. It is a stretch under the pressure of the blood, which produces a reverse current due to the reduction in the operation of the valve. The background to the development of venous insufficiency inflamed. This is due to the fact that the white blood cells that have spread to the organs and systems of a residence in the "nodes", which are located along the veins. The result is the formation of trophic ulcers on the surface of the foot.

The main causes of these processes can be broken down into three categories:

  1. Problems with blood clotting. Excessive condensation liquid connective tissue it can occur due to hormonal disorders and natural (the error's), or synthetic type (oral contraceptives, hormonal preparations). Varicose veins on the background of the concentration in the blood is frequently observed in certain cardiac arrhythmias. Weakened heart muscle cannot cope with the work, and the fluid begins to flow through the vessels more and more slowly, and this has an impact on its consistency.
  2. The consequences of the violation of the integrity of the vascular wall. The thinning of the venous wall due to auto-immune disease, which leads to its rapid or slow destruction (wmd). No less threatening leg injuries (cuts, bullet and stab wounds, bites), which lead to a scarring of the walls of the vessel. Connective tissue formation impede the normal flow of blood, which has a negative impact on the tissues, which causes them to extend it.
  3. The pathological pressure of the tissues in the vicinity. The regular formation of edema leading to a decrease in the area and is packed with the lymph nodes. Thus, there are areas of increased pressure in the blood vessels. As a result of the lack of oxygen and nutrients, initiate the death of the tissue, which can lead to venous ulcers. In this scenario, which is considered to be the most dangerous, and requires a response as soon as it came in for the first time, even the subjective symptoms of varicose veins in the legs.

On the basis of the mechanism of the development of the disease, varices usually occur under the influence of the following factors:

  • Congenital underdevelopment valvular or vascular walls, a tendency for the obstruction of the veins of the lower extremities.
  • Swelling of the legs and of the abdominal cavity, fistulas in the blood vessels.
  • The history of endocrine disease, thrombophlebitis, injury to the lower limbs, rheumatoid arthritis, or osteoporosis.
  • Pulmonary disease, and constipation. These conditions lead to an increase in abdominal pressure, which causes the symptoms of the disease.
  • The stagnant fluids and blood in the lower limbs due to the sitting life-style. The negative point is the opposite condition – in the presence of the feet, for example, due to the nature of the profession.
  • Being overweight, and, at any rate.
  • A violation of the basics of good nutrition. Of elasticity and of the strength of the vein walls in the legs of the huge negative impact of the fat content of milk and high-calorie foods, lack of dietary fiber.
  • Smoking and drinking alcohol. In the context of the campaign, the first for the harmful dependency is a narrowing of the blood vessels, which help to slow down the flow of blood. The alcohol also begins the process of destruction of the tissue.
  • The wearing of tight clothing, the water in the pressure vessels of the legs, and high heels prevents the natural flow of blood and fluids.

Will occur the symptoms of varicose veins are a signal for a statutory assessment of the diet, a day regimen, physical activity, and General condition. The determination of the factors that are causing the problems and their solutions – a prerequisite for effective treatment.

An effective method for the prevention of the disease

The experts identified a range of activities, which can prevent the pathological changes in the arteries of the legs. These include the following:

  1. To maintain an active lifestyle through the sport of the bias binding. For the best performance in the case of swimming and Cycling.
  2. Sedentary work is required every 45-60 minutes to discuss and reach an agreement for the exercise of the lower extremities and the trunk.
  3. When he stands, as it is the fatigue of the leg muscles on a regular basis, to let them rest, putting a raised position relative to the lower part of the body.
  4. Being overweight is rarely complete without the suffer from varicose veins, so you will need to carefully monitor their weight.
  5. Do not overdo a hot tub, a steam room, a sauna.
  6. At least once a year to visit a health care provider.
the treatment of varicose veins

If you suspect that it is the development of varicose veins, it is better to go to a doctor and get professional advice and do not delay the time, with the use of specialized tools, and without the diagnosis.